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Review

Breastfeeding during COVID-19: A Narrative Review of the Psychological Impact on Mothers

1
Center for Research in Neuropsychology and Cognitive Behavioral Intervention, Faculty of Psychology and Educational Sciences, University of Coimbra, 3000-115 Coimbra, Portugal
2
Department of Legal Medicine, Psychiatry and Pathology, Universidad Complutense de Madrid, Centre for Biomedical Research in Mental Health (CIBERSAM), 28040 Madrid, Spain
3
Department of Nursing, Faculty of Health Sciences, University of Granada, 18071 Granada, Spain
4
Mind, Brain, and Behavior Research Center (CIMCYC), University of Granada, 18011 Granada, Spain
*
Author to whom correspondence should be addressed.
Academic Editor: Scott D. Lane
Behav. Sci. 2021, 11(3), 34; https://doi.org/10.3390/bs11030034
Received: 19 January 2021 / Revised: 9 March 2021 / Accepted: 10 March 2021 / Published: 14 March 2021
The COVID-19 pandemic has altered the normal course of life, with measures to reduce the virus spread impacting motherhood expectations and, in particular, breastfeeding practices. This study aimed to review evidence regarding the impact of COVID-19 on breastfeeding plans and how these relate to women’s psychological outcomes. Searches were conducted on PubMed and Web of Science for studies in English, Spanish, and Portuguese between January 2020 and January 2021. All study designs and pre-prints were considered. Twelve studies were included. Reports suggest that COVID-19 impacts differently on breastfeeding plans, which in turn leads to distinctive mental health outcomes. Positive breastfeeding experiences have been observed when mothers perceive that they have more time for motherhood, which may be associated with better mental health outcomes. Negative breastfeeding experiences have been observed when mothers are separated from their newborns, when mothers struggle with breastfeeding, or when mothers perceive decreased family and professional support, which seems to be associated with worse mental health outcomes. These preliminary results highlight the need for further research into the association between COVID-19, breastfeeding expectations, and maternal mental health. Filling this gap will foster the development of guidelines and interventions to better support mothers experiencing the obstacles of COVID-19 pandemic. View Full-Text
Keywords: breastfeeding; COVID-19; mothers; maternal mental health; social support; postpartum; SARS-CoV-2 breastfeeding; COVID-19; mothers; maternal mental health; social support; postpartum; SARS-CoV-2
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MDPI and ACS Style

Pacheco, F.; Sobral, M.; Guiomar, R.; de la Torre-Luque, A.; Caparros-Gonzalez, R.A.; Ganho-Ávila, A. Breastfeeding during COVID-19: A Narrative Review of the Psychological Impact on Mothers. Behav. Sci. 2021, 11, 34. https://doi.org/10.3390/bs11030034

AMA Style

Pacheco F, Sobral M, Guiomar R, de la Torre-Luque A, Caparros-Gonzalez RA, Ganho-Ávila A. Breastfeeding during COVID-19: A Narrative Review of the Psychological Impact on Mothers. Behavioral Sciences. 2021; 11(3):34. https://doi.org/10.3390/bs11030034

Chicago/Turabian Style

Pacheco, Francisca, Mónica Sobral, Raquel Guiomar, Alejandro de la Torre-Luque, Rafael A. Caparros-Gonzalez, and Ana Ganho-Ávila. 2021. "Breastfeeding during COVID-19: A Narrative Review of the Psychological Impact on Mothers" Behavioral Sciences 11, no. 3: 34. https://doi.org/10.3390/bs11030034

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