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Article

Characterization and Geotourist Resources of the Campo de Calatrava Volcanic Region (Ciudad Real, Castilla-La Mancha, Spain) to Develop a UNESCO Global Geopark Project

1
GEOVOL Research Group, Department of Geography and Land Planning, Facultad de Letras, Universidad de Castilla-La Mancha, Avda, Camilo José Cela s/n, 13071 Ciudad Real, Spain
2
GeoTurVol Research Group, Department of Geography and History—Universidad de La Laguna, Campus de Guajara s/n, 38071 La Laguna, Spain
3
Instituto Volcanológico de Canarias (INVOLCAN), 38320 San Cristóbal de La Laguna, Spain
4
Facultad de Letras, Universidad de Castilla-La Mancha, Avda, Camilo José Cela s/n, 13071 Ciudad Real, Spain
*
Author to whom correspondence should be addressed.
Geosciences 2020, 10(11), 441; https://doi.org/10.3390/geosciences10110441
Received: 3 October 2020 / Revised: 29 October 2020 / Accepted: 4 November 2020 / Published: 6 November 2020
(This article belongs to the Special Issue Geomorphology, Geoheritage, Geoparks and Geotourism in Volcanic Areas)
The Campo de Calatrava Volcanic Region is located in Central Spain (Ciudad Real province, Castilla-La Mancha) where some eruptions of different intensity and spatial location took place throughout a period of more than 8 million years. As a result, more than 360 volcanic edifices spread over 5000 km2. Eruptions of this volcanic system were derived from alkaline magmas with events of low explosivity (Hawaiian and Strombolian). These events are characterized by three different manifestations: the emission of pyroclasts (cinder and spatter cones) and lava flows; some hydromagmatic events, which lead to the formation of wide craters (maars) and pyroclastic flows; and remnant volcanic activity related to gas emission (CO2), hot springs (hervideros) and carbonic water fountains (fuentes agrias). The methods used for this study are based on analytical studies of geography, geomorphology and geoheritage to identify volcanoes and their resources and attractions linked to the historical-cultural heritage. These volcanoes are a potential economic resource and attraction for the promotion of volcano tourism (geotourism), and they are the basis for achieving a UNESCO Global Geopark Project, as a sustainable territorial and economic management model, to be part of the international networks of conservation and protection of nature and, especially, that of volcanoes. View Full-Text
Keywords: Campo de Calatrava; geoheritage; geopark project; geotourism; Spain; volcanoes Campo de Calatrava; geoheritage; geopark project; geotourism; Spain; volcanoes
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MDPI and ACS Style

Becerra-Ramírez, R.; Gosálvez, R.U.; Escobar, E.; González, E.; Serrano-Patón, M.; Guevara, D. Characterization and Geotourist Resources of the Campo de Calatrava Volcanic Region (Ciudad Real, Castilla-La Mancha, Spain) to Develop a UNESCO Global Geopark Project. Geosciences 2020, 10, 441. https://doi.org/10.3390/geosciences10110441

AMA Style

Becerra-Ramírez R, Gosálvez RU, Escobar E, González E, Serrano-Patón M, Guevara D. Characterization and Geotourist Resources of the Campo de Calatrava Volcanic Region (Ciudad Real, Castilla-La Mancha, Spain) to Develop a UNESCO Global Geopark Project. Geosciences. 2020; 10(11):441. https://doi.org/10.3390/geosciences10110441

Chicago/Turabian Style

Becerra-Ramírez, Rafael, Rafael U. Gosálvez, Estela Escobar, Elena González, Mario Serrano-Patón, and Darío Guevara. 2020. "Characterization and Geotourist Resources of the Campo de Calatrava Volcanic Region (Ciudad Real, Castilla-La Mancha, Spain) to Develop a UNESCO Global Geopark Project" Geosciences 10, no. 11: 441. https://doi.org/10.3390/geosciences10110441

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