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Communication

A Global Analysis of Y-STR INRA189 Polymorphism in Chinese Domestic Yak Breeds/Populations

1
Qinghai Academy of Animal Science and Veterinary Medicine, Qinghai University, Xining 810016, China
2
College of Animal Science and Technology, Northwest A&F University, Yangling 712100, China
3
Bureau of Animal Husbandry and Veterinary, Diqing Tibetan Autonomous Prefecture of Yunnan Province, Shangri-La 674400, China
4
CAAS-ILRI Joint Laboratory on Livestock and Forage Genetic Resources, Institute of Animal Science, Chinese Academy of Agricultural Sciences (CAAS), Beijing 100193, China
5
International Livestock Research Institute (ILRI), Nairobi 00100, Kenya
*
Author to whom correspondence should be addressed.
Animals 2020, 10(3), 393; https://doi.org/10.3390/ani10030393
Received: 1 February 2020 / Revised: 22 February 2020 / Accepted: 25 February 2020 / Published: 28 February 2020
(This article belongs to the Section Animal Genetics and Genomics)
Y chromosome-specific markers have been widely used in studying the origin, migration, diversity, and population relationship in several mammalian species. So far, the investigations on yak paternal genetics were mostly based on Y-SNPs information, but very few on Y-STR markers. In this study, we comprehensively investigated the polymorphism of Y-STR INRA189 locus, identified the geographical distribution pattern of its alleles in 15 Chinese domestic yak breeds/populations, and provided basic data for yak paternal genetic analysis. Our results showed that INRA189 is an intermediate polymorphic Y-STR marker with six alleles present among 15 Chinese domestic yak breeds/populations and that the variation among six alleles was due to different numbers of repetitions of a TG dinucleotide motif.
The objective of this study was to probe into the polymorphism of Y-STR INRA189 and identify the geographical distribution pattern of its alleles in the Chinese domestic yak gene pool. We examined the variation at INRA189 locus in 682 male yaks representing 15 breeds/populations in China. The results showed that six alleles, including five reported previously (149, 155, 157, 159, and 161 bp) and a new one identified in this study (139 bp), were detected at INRA189 locus based on genotyping analysis. The frequencies of six alleles varied among the 15 yak breeds/populations with a clear phylogeographical pattern, which revealed the paternal genetic difference among Chinese yak breeds/populations. The average polymorphism information content (PIC) among the 15 yak breeds/populations was 0.32, indicating INRA189 to be an intermediate polymorphic Y-STR marker (0.25 < PIC < 0.5) in yak. Sequence alignment revealed that the variations among six alleles at INRA189 were defined by a TG dinucleotide repeat motif, which repeated for 12, 17, 20, 21, 22, and 23 times, corresponding to the alleles of 139, 149, 155, 157, 159, and 161 bp, respectively. Therefore, we believe that the polymorphic yak Y-STR INRA189 can be used to characterize male-mediated genetic events, including paternal genetic origin, diversity, and evolution. View Full-Text
Keywords: Bos grunniens; Y-specific microsatellite; INRA189; polymorphism; repeat motif; geographical distribution pattern Bos grunniens; Y-specific microsatellite; INRA189; polymorphism; repeat motif; geographical distribution pattern
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MDPI and ACS Style

Ma, Z.; Xia, X.; Chen, S.; Bai, M.; Lei, C.; Han, J. A Global Analysis of Y-STR INRA189 Polymorphism in Chinese Domestic Yak Breeds/Populations. Animals 2020, 10, 393. https://doi.org/10.3390/ani10030393

AMA Style

Ma Z, Xia X, Chen S, Bai M, Lei C, Han J. A Global Analysis of Y-STR INRA189 Polymorphism in Chinese Domestic Yak Breeds/Populations. Animals. 2020; 10(3):393. https://doi.org/10.3390/ani10030393

Chicago/Turabian Style

Ma, Zhijie, Xiaoting Xia, Shengmei Chen, Ma Bai, Chuzhao Lei, and Jianlin Han. 2020. "A Global Analysis of Y-STR INRA189 Polymorphism in Chinese Domestic Yak Breeds/Populations" Animals 10, no. 3: 393. https://doi.org/10.3390/ani10030393

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