Next Article in Journal
Reviewing Theoretical and Numerical Models for PCM-embedded Cementitious Composites
Previous Article in Journal
Life-Cycle Asset Management in Residential Developments Building on Transport System Critical Attributes via a Data-Mining Algorithm
Article Menu
Issue 1 (January) cover image

Export Article

Open AccessReview
Buildings 2019, 9(1), 2; https://doi.org/10.3390/buildings9010002

Decision Making within the Built Environment as a Strategy for Mitigating the Risk of Malaria and Other Vector-Borne Diseases

1
School of Engineering Design and Architectural Engineering, College of Engineering, Pennsylvania State University, University Park, PA 16802, USA
2
Department of Chemical Engineering, College of Engineering, Pennsylvania State University, University Park, PA 16802, USA
3
Anthropology and Cross-cultural Studies Program, College of Human Sciences and Humanities, University of Houston Clear Lake, Houston, TX 77573, USA
*
Author to whom correspondence should be addressed.
Received: 2 November 2018 / Revised: 4 December 2018 / Accepted: 7 December 2018 / Published: 21 December 2018
Full-Text   |   PDF [2937 KB, uploaded 21 December 2018]   |  
  |   Review Reports

Abstract

Although significant efforts have been made to combat the spread of vector-borne diseases (VBDs), they still account for more than 17% of all infectious diseases. According to the World Health Organization (WHO), there were 216 million estimated cases in 2016. The efforts that resulted in these positive outcomes lack long-term financial sustainability because of the significant amount of funding involved. There is, therefore, a need for more cost-effective intervention. The authors contend that design decisions in the built environment can have a positive impact on the efforts directed at mitigating the risk of malaria in a more cost-effective manner. It is known that the built environment, through features such as openings, can propagate the spread of malaria. There have been some significant efforts directed at addressing this risk. This notwithstanding, an extensive review of closely related work established that built environment professionals have limited access to information on specific ways through which their design decisions can contribute to mitigating the risk of malaria. The validity of this hypothesis was tested through evaluating the opportunities for synergies in selected parts of East Africa. Secondary data derived from relevant urban health journals as well as repositories curated by leading health agencies such as WHO were synthesized and analyzed using a web of causation approach. The outcome of the analysis is a schema of primary and secondary source (risk) factors. The use of the web of causation approach revealed the existing factor-to-factor interactions that could have a reinforcing effect. This information was used to identify the critical linkages and interdependencies across different factors. The outcome of the analysis was mapped against risk factors that can be linked to decisions made during the six primary phases of the construction life cycle: Preliminary phase, conceptual design, detailed design, construction, facilities management, and end of life/disuse. A conceptual architecture for a decision support framework has been proposed and will be developed into a prototype in subsequent efforts. View Full-Text
Keywords: built environment; design decisions; vector-borne diseases; malaria risk mitigation built environment; design decisions; vector-borne diseases; malaria risk mitigation
Figures

Figure 1

This is an open access article distributed under the Creative Commons Attribution License which permits unrestricted use, distribution, and reproduction in any medium, provided the original work is properly cited (CC BY 4.0).
SciFeed

Share & Cite This Article

MDPI and ACS Style

Obonyo, E.; Pareek, S.; Woldu, D.O. Decision Making within the Built Environment as a Strategy for Mitigating the Risk of Malaria and Other Vector-Borne Diseases. Buildings 2019, 9, 2.

Show more citation formats Show less citations formats

Note that from the first issue of 2016, MDPI journals use article numbers instead of page numbers. See further details here.

Related Articles

Article Metrics

Article Access Statistics

1

Comments

[Return to top]
Buildings EISSN 2075-5309 Published by MDPI AG, Basel, Switzerland RSS E-Mail Table of Contents Alert
Back to Top