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Open AccessArticle

Towards Resilient Regions: Policy Recommendations for Stimulating Synergy between Tourism and Landscape

1
Department of Cultural Geography, Faculty of Spatial Sciences, University of Groningen, Landleven 1, 9747 AD Groningen, The Netherlands
2
European Tourism Futures Institute, Academy of Tourism and Leisure, NHL Stenden University, Rengerslaan 8-10, 8917 DD Leeuwarden, The Netherlands
*
Author to whom correspondence should be addressed.
Received: 27 November 2019 / Revised: 17 January 2020 / Accepted: 5 February 2020 / Published: 7 February 2020
(This article belongs to the Special Issue Landscape and Tourism, Landscapes of Tourism)
To make regions more resilient, a useful idea is that of synergy between tourism and landscape (i.e., a win-win situation). To help policymakers manage for synergy, we provide practical recommendations. Using the case of Terschelling (the Netherlands), an island that is part of the UNESCO World Heritage listed Wadden Sea, we analyzed how policy and public opinion have been changing, and how multilevel governance is arranged. We recommend that: policymakers seek to understand the historical institutional context of a region; strive for integrated policy aimed at synergetic interactions; gain an overview of all stakeholders in the decision-making process; include all stakeholders; develop a shared story; co-create a clear vision for the future; but also allow flexibility in local implementation; and dare to experiment. Overall, we conclude that synergy is a promising concept that requires a different approach to decision-making. View Full-Text
Keywords: resilience; island tourism; social-ecological systems; protected area management; landscapes; deliberativeness; social inclusion; community engagement; inclusiveness resilience; island tourism; social-ecological systems; protected area management; landscapes; deliberativeness; social inclusion; community engagement; inclusiveness
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Heslinga, J.; Groote, P.; Vanclay, F. Towards Resilient Regions: Policy Recommendations for Stimulating Synergy between Tourism and Landscape. Land 2020, 9, 44.

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