Ripple formation and evolution as well as vortex separation along the bedform profile strongly influence surface waves and sediment transport. These features were investigated in a U-Tube at the Hydraulics Laboratory of the University of Messina. During the experimental campaign, tests in the presence of wave only, current only, and collinear wave plus current in wave dominated regime were carried out. The experiments involved both live bed and fixed bed conditions. It was observed that, when the current superimposes to the wave, a longer time is required for the bedforms to stabilize; the vortex separating at the ripple crest reduces with respect to the wave only case. Accordingly, in the fixed rippled bed case, velocity measured in current only condition is larger than that in the wave plus current flow. As vortex shedding influences the way sediments are transported close to the bed, the obtained results may improve the present knowledge on wave current interaction in the presence of bedforms with repercussions in turn on sediment dynamics.
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