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Article

Prediction of Shoreline Change for the Calculation of the Integrated Littoral Sediment Budget

Department of Civil and Urban Engineering, Inje University, Gimhae 50834, Korea
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Academic Editor: Bommanna Krishnappan
Water 2022, 14(2), 232; https://doi.org/10.3390/w14020232
Received: 9 December 2021 / Revised: 4 January 2022 / Accepted: 11 January 2022 / Published: 13 January 2022
(This article belongs to the Section Oceans and Coastal Zones)
The severe coastal erosions are being accelerated along the east coast of South Korea owing to the intermittent erosions and depositions caused by the imbalance between the effective sediment volume supplied from coasts and rivers and the sediment transport rate. Consequently, many studies are being conducted to develop coastal-erosion reduction measures. To accurately determine the cause of coastal erosion, the causes of the erosion and deposition should be accurately diagnosed, and a comprehensive evaluation system for the sediment transport mechanism in the watershed and sea while considering regional characteristics is required. In particular, realizing the evaluation of the effective sediment volume that flows from the river to the sea through observations is a highly challenging task, and various research and developments are required to realize it, as it is still in the basic research stage. The purpose of this study was to systematically analyze the comprehensive sediment budget for coastal areas. First, an analytical system was developed. Then, a shoreline model was constructed by considering the size of the mixed particles. The parameters required for developing the model were determined using the observation data to improve the shoreline model. A sediment runoff model was applied to evaluate the effective sediment volume supplied from the river to the sea, and the applicability of this model was evaluated by comparing it with the sediment supply volume according to the soil and water assessment tool model. The representative wave and the input parameters of the model were set using the observation data of several years. It was found that the prediction performance of the shoreline change model improved when the effective sediment volume was considered, and the particles of the sediment on the shore were assumed to comprise multiple sizes. In particular, the prediction performance improved when the balance of the sediment budget was adjusted by applying a groin having a structurally similar performance to take into consideration the geographic features of the Deokbongsan (island) in front of the river mouth bar. The model demonstrated a good performance in reproducing long-term shoreline changes when the characteristics of the sea waves and the effective sediment volume were considered. View Full-Text
Keywords: beach morphodynamics; shoreline change; effective sediment volume; one-line model beach morphodynamics; shoreline change; effective sediment volume; one-line model
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MDPI and ACS Style

Kim, Y.-J.; Yoon, J.-S. Prediction of Shoreline Change for the Calculation of the Integrated Littoral Sediment Budget. Water 2022, 14, 232. https://doi.org/10.3390/w14020232

AMA Style

Kim Y-J, Yoon J-S. Prediction of Shoreline Change for the Calculation of the Integrated Littoral Sediment Budget. Water. 2022; 14(2):232. https://doi.org/10.3390/w14020232

Chicago/Turabian Style

Kim, Yeon-Joong, and Jong-Sung Yoon. 2022. "Prediction of Shoreline Change for the Calculation of the Integrated Littoral Sediment Budget" Water 14, no. 2: 232. https://doi.org/10.3390/w14020232

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