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Article

Hydrologic and Thermal Performance of a Full-Scale Farmed Blue–Green Roof

Department of Civil Engineering, Toronto Metropolitan University, 350 Victoria St., Toronto, ON M5B2K3, Canada
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Academic Editor: Michael Richter
Water 2022, 14(11), 1700; https://doi.org/10.3390/w14111700
Received: 5 May 2022 / Revised: 19 May 2022 / Accepted: 23 May 2022 / Published: 25 May 2022
Conventional green roofs have been widely accepted as a climate change adaptation strategy. However, little is known about the potential of blue–green roofs and rooftop farms to control urban stormwater and improve microclimates. This study evaluates a farmed blue–green roof’s hydrologic and thermal performance over an entire growing season in Toronto, Ontario, Canada. The runoff discharge from three plots planted with various crops was monitored. The substrate and air temperatures at two elevations of different cultivated and self-sowing plant species were collected and compared to a control roof. Results indicate that planting and harvesting activities impacted the hydrologic performance. Mean values for retention ranged from 85–88%, peak attenuation ranged from 82–85%, and peak delay ranged from 7.7 to 8 h. At the lower elevation, the mean air temperature difference above okra, tobacco, and beet was 2.5 °C, whereas, above squash, potato, and milkweed, it was 1.4 °C. Maximum and moderate air-cooling effects were observed in the afternoon and evening, but a warming effect was observed in the early morning. Farmed blue–green roof evaluated in this study provides a runoff control and microclimate improvement comparable to or better than conventional green roofs, in addition to other benefits such as improving food security. View Full-Text
Keywords: blue–green roofs; rooftop farming; hydrologic performance; stormwater management; thermal performance; microclimate improvement blue–green roofs; rooftop farming; hydrologic performance; stormwater management; thermal performance; microclimate improvement
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MDPI and ACS Style

Almaaitah, T.; Joksimovic, D. Hydrologic and Thermal Performance of a Full-Scale Farmed Blue–Green Roof. Water 2022, 14, 1700. https://doi.org/10.3390/w14111700

AMA Style

Almaaitah T, Joksimovic D. Hydrologic and Thermal Performance of a Full-Scale Farmed Blue–Green Roof. Water. 2022; 14(11):1700. https://doi.org/10.3390/w14111700

Chicago/Turabian Style

Almaaitah, Tamer, and Darko Joksimovic. 2022. "Hydrologic and Thermal Performance of a Full-Scale Farmed Blue–Green Roof" Water 14, no. 11: 1700. https://doi.org/10.3390/w14111700

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