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Article

Utilizing Optical Satellite Imagery to Monitor Temporal and Spatial Changes of Crop Water Stress: A Case Study in Alfalfa

Science and Research Team, Manna-Irrigation, Gvat 3657900, Israel
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Academic Editor: Frédéric Frappart
Water 2022, 14(11), 1676; https://doi.org/10.3390/w14111676
Received: 24 February 2022 / Revised: 18 May 2022 / Accepted: 21 May 2022 / Published: 24 May 2022
(This article belongs to the Special Issue Applications of Remote Sensing in Agricultural Water Management)
Since the 1980s, thermal imagery has been used to assess crop water stress. The increase in the temporal resolution of optical satellite sensors (in the range of 400–2500 nm) and the better spatial resolution compared to the thermal imagery call for the definition of a new way for crop water stress monitoring. Hence, we are suggesting a new method utilizing spectral indices from three subsequent images to address this challenge. This method predicts the current water stress with the two past images and compares it to the current stress: if the existing conditions are better than the predicted stress, the crop is not under stress and has sufficient water for development. To evaluate the suggested method, we downloaded Sentinel-2 images and compared the stress found with that method to the leaf area index, leaf water potential, and yield from seven alfalfa growth cycles. The results outline the ability of the new optical stress index to depict spatial and temporal changes in the alfalfa water stress and especially illustrated the changes in the crop water stress over the growth cycle and after each irrigation. This new method needs to be validated with different crops and satellite sensors to verify its success. View Full-Text
Keywords: Sentinel-2; leaf area index; leaf water potential; yield; optical stress index Sentinel-2; leaf area index; leaf water potential; yield; optical stress index
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MDPI and ACS Style

Beeri, O.; Tarshish, R.; Pelta, R.; Shilo, T. Utilizing Optical Satellite Imagery to Monitor Temporal and Spatial Changes of Crop Water Stress: A Case Study in Alfalfa. Water 2022, 14, 1676. https://doi.org/10.3390/w14111676

AMA Style

Beeri O, Tarshish R, Pelta R, Shilo T. Utilizing Optical Satellite Imagery to Monitor Temporal and Spatial Changes of Crop Water Stress: A Case Study in Alfalfa. Water. 2022; 14(11):1676. https://doi.org/10.3390/w14111676

Chicago/Turabian Style

Beeri, Ofer, Rom Tarshish, Ran Pelta, and Tal Shilo. 2022. "Utilizing Optical Satellite Imagery to Monitor Temporal and Spatial Changes of Crop Water Stress: A Case Study in Alfalfa" Water 14, no. 11: 1676. https://doi.org/10.3390/w14111676

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