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Article

Ecological State of Lake Gusinoe—A Cooling Pond of the Gusinoozersk GRES

1
Baikal Institute of Nature Management of Siberian Branch of the Russian Academy of Sciences, 670047 Ulan-Ude, Russia
2
Institute of Geographic Sciences and Natural Resources Research, Chinese Academy of Sciences, Beijing 100101, China
3
University of Chinese Academy of Sciences, Beijing 100049, China
*
Author to whom correspondence should be addressed.
Academic Editor: Laura Bulgariu
Water 2022, 14(1), 4; https://doi.org/10.3390/w14010004
Received: 5 November 2021 / Revised: 13 December 2021 / Accepted: 18 December 2021 / Published: 21 December 2021
(This article belongs to the Section Biodiversity and Functionality of Aquatic Ecosystems)
The study of the transformation of substances in the basin of the Selenga River—the main tributary of Lake Baikal—under anthropogenic pressure and in the context of global climate change, is especially important for the lake, a globally important source of drinking water. The ecosystem of Lake Gusinoe is one of the key objects in the Selenga River basin that is exposed to significant anthropogenic pressure. This study presents the results of an analysis of water level changes and physicochemical parameters of the water mass of Lake Gusinoe; literature data from 1951 to 2017 and own data from 2017 to 2021. The water level in the lake had depended on natural factors before the Gusinoozersk GRES was launched; however, since the plant has begun using the lake as a cooling pond, its level has actually been regulated by the economic entity. Over the years, there has been a significant increase in mineralization, sulfate, sodium, fluoride and organic matter fractions resistant to oxidation. Seasonal increases in iron and manganese concentrations in water were detected. Increased concentrations of nutrients and organic matter fractions resistant to oxidation were registered at the wastewater discharge sites. Heavy metals in the bottom sediments of Lake Gusinoe accumulate mainly in the silt of the deep zone of the lake. Plants growing in the zones of influence of the Gusinoozersk GRES and Gusinoozersk wastewater discharge accumulate the largest amount of metals. View Full-Text
Keywords: Lake Gusinoe; Selenga River basin; cooling pond; water quality; anthropogenic activity; bottom sediments Lake Gusinoe; Selenga River basin; cooling pond; water quality; anthropogenic activity; bottom sediments
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MDPI and ACS Style

Radnaeva, L.D.; Bazarzhapov, T.Z.; Shiretorova, V.G.; Zhigzhitzhapova, S.V.; Nikitina, E.P.; Dylenova, E.P.; Shirapova, G.S.; Budaeva, O.D.; Beshentsev, A.N.; Garmaev, E.Z.; Wang, P.; Dong, S.; Li, Z.; Tulokhonov, A.K. Ecological State of Lake Gusinoe—A Cooling Pond of the Gusinoozersk GRES. Water 2022, 14, 4. https://doi.org/10.3390/w14010004

AMA Style

Radnaeva LD, Bazarzhapov TZ, Shiretorova VG, Zhigzhitzhapova SV, Nikitina EP, Dylenova EP, Shirapova GS, Budaeva OD, Beshentsev AN, Garmaev EZ, Wang P, Dong S, Li Z, Tulokhonov AK. Ecological State of Lake Gusinoe—A Cooling Pond of the Gusinoozersk GRES. Water. 2022; 14(1):4. https://doi.org/10.3390/w14010004

Chicago/Turabian Style

Radnaeva, Larisa D., Tcogto Z. Bazarzhapov, Valentina G. Shiretorova, Svetlana V. Zhigzhitzhapova, Elena P. Nikitina, Elena P. Dylenova, Galina S. Shirapova, Olga D. Budaeva, Andrey N. Beshentsev, Endon Z. Garmaev, Ping Wang, Suocheng Dong, Zehong Li, and Arnold K. Tulokhonov. 2022. "Ecological State of Lake Gusinoe—A Cooling Pond of the Gusinoozersk GRES" Water 14, no. 1: 4. https://doi.org/10.3390/w14010004

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