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Case Report

Inka Hydraulic Engineering at the Tipon Royal Compound (Peru)

1
CFD Consultants International, Ltd., 18310 Southview Avenue, Los Gatos, CA 95033, USA
2
Research Associate in Anthropology, University of Chicago, 5801 S. Ellis Avenue, Chicago, IL 60637, USA
Academic Editor: Goen Ho
Water 2022, 14(1), 102; https://doi.org/10.3390/w14010102
Received: 13 October 2021 / Revised: 9 December 2021 / Accepted: 9 December 2021 / Published: 4 January 2022
(This article belongs to the Special Issue Water Engineering in Ancient Societies)
The Inka site of Tipon had many unique hydraulic engineering features that have modern hydraulic theory counterparts. For example, the Tipon channel system providing water to the Principal Fountain had a channel contraction inducing critical flow as determined by CFD analysis- this feature designed to induce flow stability and preserve the aesthetic display of the downstream Waterfall. The Main Aqueduct channel sourced by the Pukara River had a given flow rate to limit channel overbank spillage induced by a hydraulic jump at the steep-mild slope transition channel location as determined by use of modern CFD methods- this flow rate corresponds to the duplication of the actual flow rate used in the modern restoration using flow blockage plates placed in the channel to limit over-bank spillage. Additional hydraulic features governing the water supply to agricultural terraces for specialty crops constitute further sophisticated water management control systems discussed in detail in the text. View Full-Text
Keywords: Inka; Tipon; precolumbian; CFD; water systems; flow rates; aqueduct; fountain; critical flow Inka; Tipon; precolumbian; CFD; water systems; flow rates; aqueduct; fountain; critical flow
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MDPI and ACS Style

Ortloff, C.R. Inka Hydraulic Engineering at the Tipon Royal Compound (Peru). Water 2022, 14, 102. https://doi.org/10.3390/w14010102

AMA Style

Ortloff CR. Inka Hydraulic Engineering at the Tipon Royal Compound (Peru). Water. 2022; 14(1):102. https://doi.org/10.3390/w14010102

Chicago/Turabian Style

Ortloff, Charles R. 2022. "Inka Hydraulic Engineering at the Tipon Royal Compound (Peru)" Water 14, no. 1: 102. https://doi.org/10.3390/w14010102

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