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Open AccessCommentary

Understanding China’s Urban Rainstorm Waterlogging and Its Potential Governance

by 1,2, 3,* and 4,*
1
College of Humanities and Development Studies, China Agricultural University, Beijing 100083, China
2
Center for Crisis Management Research, Tsinghua University, Beijing 100084, China
3
National Climate Center, China Meteorological Administration, Beijing 100081, China
4
China Institute of Water Resources and Hydropower Research, Beijing 100038, China
*
Authors to whom correspondence should be addressed.
Academic Editors: Guy Howard, Jan K. Kazak, Jolanta Dąbrowska and Agnieszka Bednarek
Water 2021, 13(7), 891; https://doi.org/10.3390/w13070891
Received: 12 February 2021 / Revised: 20 March 2021 / Accepted: 23 March 2021 / Published: 24 March 2021
(This article belongs to the Special Issue Stormwater Management in Urban and Rural Areas)
Urban rainstorm waterlogging is one of the most important problems in urban development and a comprehensive embodiment of urban diseases. China is facing a severe risk of rainstorm waterlogging disasters, which is affecting sustainable development. Urban rainstorm waterlogging in China is caused by many factors, including natural factors and human factors, such as climate warming, unreasonable urban construction, inadequate upgrading of urban fortification standards, etc. Based on the analysis of the current strategies to deal with urban waterlogging around the world, including an increase in surface infiltration, and a reduction in runoff (and its various impacts), this paper holds that the connotation and goal of these measures are highly consistent with the construction of a sponge city in China. Based on the analysis of the problems, including construction of an urban rainwater recovery system, construction of urban rainwater storage facilities, and construction of data platforms faced by China’s sponge city, this paper puts forward the guiding principles of promoting the construction of a sponge city. The guiding principles are to cooperate to deal with climate change and ecological civilization construction, to study the foreign experience, and to unite multiple subjects, integrate multiple elements, design multiple processes, form a joint force, and create an all-round response system to deal with urban rainstorm waterlogging. Then, this paper gives policy recommendations on how to deal with the urban rainstorm waterlogging disasters, which include improving the defense standards, encouraging social participation, popularizing the construction of sponge cities, perfecting the monitoring and early warning system, strengthening the scientific planning of cities, strengthening the ability of dealing with catastrophes in metropolitan areas, the overall planning of cross-regional responses, and enhancing the awareness of decision makers. Finally, this paper expounds the reference significance of urban rainstorm waterlogging control in China to the global audience. This paper explores the significance of comprehensively and scientifically understanding urban rainstorm waterlogging disasters, and provides support for long-term planning and high-quality construction of future safe cities. View Full-Text
Keywords: urban rainstorm waterlogging; urbanization; climate change risk; drainage system; urban governance; urban catastrophe risk prevention; China urban rainstorm waterlogging; urbanization; climate change risk; drainage system; urban governance; urban catastrophe risk prevention; China
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MDPI and ACS Style

Kong, F.; Sun, S.; Lei, T. Understanding China’s Urban Rainstorm Waterlogging and Its Potential Governance. Water 2021, 13, 891. https://doi.org/10.3390/w13070891

AMA Style

Kong F, Sun S, Lei T. Understanding China’s Urban Rainstorm Waterlogging and Its Potential Governance. Water. 2021; 13(7):891. https://doi.org/10.3390/w13070891

Chicago/Turabian Style

Kong, Feng; Sun, Shao; Lei, Tianjie. 2021. "Understanding China’s Urban Rainstorm Waterlogging and Its Potential Governance" Water 13, no. 7: 891. https://doi.org/10.3390/w13070891

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