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Open AccessArticle

Optimal Design of District Metered Areas in a Water Distribution Network Using Coupled Self-Organizing Map and Community Structure Algorithm

Department of Civil Engineering, Kyung Hee University, 1732 Deogyeong-daero, Giheung-gu, Yongin-si, Gyeonggi-do 17104, Korea
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Academic Editor: Andreas Lindhe
Water 2021, 13(6), 836; https://doi.org/10.3390/w13060836
Received: 25 February 2021 / Revised: 12 March 2021 / Accepted: 16 March 2021 / Published: 18 March 2021
(This article belongs to the Special Issue Risk Assessment and Decision Support in Drinking Water Systems)
Operation and management of a water distribution network (WDN) by district metered areas (DMAs) bring many benefits for water utilities, particularly regarding water loss control and pressure management. However, the optimal design of DMAs in a WDN is a challenging task. This paper proposes an approach for the optimal design of DMAs in the multiple-criteria decision analysis (MCDA) framework based on the outcome of a coupled model comprising a self-organizing map (SOM) and a community structure algorithm (CSA). First, the clustering principle of the SOM algorithm is applied to construct initial homologous clusters in terms of pressure and elevation. CSA is then coupled to refine the SOM-based initial clusters for the automated creation of multiscale and dynamic DMA layouts. Finally, the criteria for quantifying the performance of each DMA layout solution are assessed in the MCDA framework. Verifying the model on a hypothetical network and an actual WDN proved that it could efficiently create homologous and dynamic DMA layouts capable of adapting to water demand variability. View Full-Text
Keywords: district metered area; multiple-criteria decision analysis; pressure management; water distribution networks; water network partitioning; self-organizing map district metered area; multiple-criteria decision analysis; pressure management; water distribution networks; water network partitioning; self-organizing map
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MDPI and ACS Style

Bui, X.K.; Marlim, M.S.; Kang, D. Optimal Design of District Metered Areas in a Water Distribution Network Using Coupled Self-Organizing Map and Community Structure Algorithm. Water 2021, 13, 836. https://doi.org/10.3390/w13060836

AMA Style

Bui XK, Marlim MS, Kang D. Optimal Design of District Metered Areas in a Water Distribution Network Using Coupled Self-Organizing Map and Community Structure Algorithm. Water. 2021; 13(6):836. https://doi.org/10.3390/w13060836

Chicago/Turabian Style

Bui, Xuan K.; Marlim, Malvin S.; Kang, Doosun. 2021. "Optimal Design of District Metered Areas in a Water Distribution Network Using Coupled Self-Organizing Map and Community Structure Algorithm" Water 13, no. 6: 836. https://doi.org/10.3390/w13060836

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