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Open AccessArticle

Experimental Analysis of Structures for Trapping SARS-CoV-2-Related Floating Waste in Rivers

1
DESTEC—Department of Energy, Systems, Territory and Construction Engineering, University of Pisa, 56122 Pisa, Italy
2
Department of Civil and Environmental Engineering, Imperial College London, South Kensington, London SW7 2AZ, UK
*
Author to whom correspondence should be addressed.
Academic Editor: Luiza Campos
Water 2021, 13(6), 771; https://doi.org/10.3390/w13060771
Received: 13 February 2021 / Revised: 8 March 2021 / Accepted: 8 March 2021 / Published: 12 March 2021
(This article belongs to the Special Issue Erosion Processes in Hydraulic Engineering)
Personal protection equipment (PPE, e.g., masks and gloves) related to the severe acute respiratory syndrome coronavirus 2 (SARS-CoV-2) pandemic may represent a significant source of riverine plastic pollution. Several studies were conducted to analyze plastic transport in rivers; however, apparently, none of them systematically investigated the efficiency of countermeasures in trapping/stopping floating plastic and nonwoven fabric materials originating from the abovementioned PPE. To fill this gap of knowledge and considering the current importance of the topic, the present paper aims at investigating the efficiency of several structure configurations that can be located in both natural and artificial water bodies. To this end, two different efficiencies were defined, i.e., kinematic (for isolated structures) and trapping (for structures in series). Experimental results evidenced that both the kinematic and the trapping efficiencies increase with the Froude number. We also developed empirical equations, which may be applied for predicting the structure efficiency in limiting plastic transport in rivers. View Full-Text
Keywords: hydrodynamics; physical model; plastic transport; SARS-CoV-2 hydrodynamics; physical model; plastic transport; SARS-CoV-2
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MDPI and ACS Style

Roy, D.; Pagliara, S.; Palermo, M. Experimental Analysis of Structures for Trapping SARS-CoV-2-Related Floating Waste in Rivers. Water 2021, 13, 771. https://doi.org/10.3390/w13060771

AMA Style

Roy D, Pagliara S, Palermo M. Experimental Analysis of Structures for Trapping SARS-CoV-2-Related Floating Waste in Rivers. Water. 2021; 13(6):771. https://doi.org/10.3390/w13060771

Chicago/Turabian Style

Roy, Deep; Pagliara, Simone; Palermo, Michele. 2021. "Experimental Analysis of Structures for Trapping SARS-CoV-2-Related Floating Waste in Rivers" Water 13, no. 6: 771. https://doi.org/10.3390/w13060771

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