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Article

Quaternary Evolution of the Lower Calore and Middle Volturno Valleys (Southern Italy)

1
Department of Biosciences and Territory, University of Molise, Contrada Fonte Lappone, 86090 Pesche, Italy
2
Institute of Water Research-IRSA, Italian National Research Council, Viale F. De Blasio, 70132 Bari, Italy
3
Institute for Earth Observation, Eurac Research, Viale Druso 1, 39100 Bozen/Bolzano, Italy
4
Geosciences Barcelona (Geo3BCN-CSIC), Lluís Solé Sabarís s/n, E-08028 Barcelona, Spain
5
Department of Science and Technology, University of Naples Parthenope, Centro Direzionale Isola C4, 80143 Napoli, Italy
*
Author to whom correspondence should be addressed.
Academic Editor: Salvatore Ivo Giano
Water 2021, 13(5), 741; https://doi.org/10.3390/w13050741
Received: 14 January 2021 / Revised: 28 February 2021 / Accepted: 2 March 2021 / Published: 9 March 2021
(This article belongs to the Special Issue Fluvial Geomorphology and River Management)
The lower Calore and middle Volturno valleys preserve stratigraphical and morphological evidence and tephrostratigraphic markers particularly suitable for reconstructing the long-term geomorphological evolution of the central-southern Apennines. Aim of our study is to identify the main steps of the Quaternary landscape evolution of these valley systems and to improve knowledge about the relationships between fluvial processes and tectonics, volcanic activity, climatic and human influences. To this purpose, we carried out an integrated geomorphological and chrono-stratigraphical analysis of identified fluvial landforms and related deposits, integrated by 230Th/234U datings on travertines from the Telese Plain area. The study highlighted in particular: (1) fluvial sedimentation started in the Middle Pleistocene (~650 ka) within valleys that originated in the lower Pleistocene under the control of high-angle faults; (2) extensional tectonics acted during the Middle and Upper Pleistocene, driving the formation of the oldest fluvial terraces and alluvial fans, and persisted beyond the emplacement of the Campanian Ignimbrite pyroclastic deposits (~39 ka); and (3) from the late Upper Pleistocene onwards (<15 ka), the role of tectonics appears negligible, while climatic changes played a key role in the formation of three orders of valley floor terraces and the youngest alluvial fans. View Full-Text
Keywords: fluvial landforms; long-term geomorphological evolution; climate influence; tectonics; tephrostratigraphic marker; 230Th/234U dating; central-southern Apennines fluvial landforms; long-term geomorphological evolution; climate influence; tectonics; tephrostratigraphic marker; 230Th/234U dating; central-southern Apennines
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MDPI and ACS Style

Filocamo, F.; Leone, N.; Rosskopf, C.M.; Scorpio, V.; Giralt, S.; Aucelli, P.P.C. Quaternary Evolution of the Lower Calore and Middle Volturno Valleys (Southern Italy). Water 2021, 13, 741. https://doi.org/10.3390/w13050741

AMA Style

Filocamo F, Leone N, Rosskopf CM, Scorpio V, Giralt S, Aucelli PPC. Quaternary Evolution of the Lower Calore and Middle Volturno Valleys (Southern Italy). Water. 2021; 13(5):741. https://doi.org/10.3390/w13050741

Chicago/Turabian Style

Filocamo, Francesca, Natalia Leone, Carmen Maria Rosskopf, Vittoria Scorpio, Santiago Giralt, and Pietro Patrizio Ciro Aucelli. 2021. "Quaternary Evolution of the Lower Calore and Middle Volturno Valleys (Southern Italy)" Water 13, no. 5: 741. https://doi.org/10.3390/w13050741

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