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Article

Setting the Phosphorus Boundaries for Greek Natural Shallow and Deep Lakes for Water Framework Directive Compliance

1
Department of Civil Engineering, School of Engineering, Democritus University of Thrace, Xanthi 67100, Greece
2
Department of Zoology, School of Biology, Aristotle University of Thessaloniki, Thessaloniki 54124, Greece
3
The Goulandris Natural History Museum, Greek Biotope/Wetland Centre (EKBY), Thermi 57001, Greece
*
Author to whom correspondence should be addressed.
Academic Editors: Nikolaos Skoulikidis and Xing Fang
Water 2021, 13(5), 739; https://doi.org/10.3390/w13050739
Received: 22 January 2021 / Revised: 3 March 2021 / Accepted: 4 March 2021 / Published: 9 March 2021
Eutrophication caused by nutrient enrichment is a predominant stressor leading to lake degradation and, thus, the set-up of boundaries that support good ecological status, the Water Framework Directive’s main target, is a necessity. Greece is one of the Member States that have recorded delays in complying with the coherent management goals of European legislation. A wide range of different statistical approaches has been proposed in the Best Practice Guide for determining appropriate nutrient thresholds. To determine the nutrient thresholds supporting the good status of natural Greek lakes, the phytoplankton dataset gathered from the national monitoring programme (2015–2020) was used for shallow and deep natural lakes. The regression analyses were sufficient and robust in order to derive total phosphorus thresholds that ranged from 20 to 41 μg/L in shallow and 15–32 μg/L in deep natural lake types. Nutrient boundaries that encompass the stressors these lakes are subject to, are essential in proper lake management design. View Full-Text
Keywords: eutrophication; phytoplankton; good-moderate boundary; nutrient thresholds; best practice guide eutrophication; phytoplankton; good-moderate boundary; nutrient thresholds; best practice guide
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MDPI and ACS Style

Kagalou, I.; Ntislidou, C.; Latinopoulos, D.; Kemitzoglou, D.; Tsiaoussi, V.; Bobori, D.C. Setting the Phosphorus Boundaries for Greek Natural Shallow and Deep Lakes for Water Framework Directive Compliance. Water 2021, 13, 739. https://doi.org/10.3390/w13050739

AMA Style

Kagalou I, Ntislidou C, Latinopoulos D, Kemitzoglou D, Tsiaoussi V, Bobori DC. Setting the Phosphorus Boundaries for Greek Natural Shallow and Deep Lakes for Water Framework Directive Compliance. Water. 2021; 13(5):739. https://doi.org/10.3390/w13050739

Chicago/Turabian Style

Kagalou, Ifigenia, Chrysoula Ntislidou, Dionissis Latinopoulos, Dimitra Kemitzoglou, Vasiliki Tsiaoussi, and Dimitra C. Bobori. 2021. "Setting the Phosphorus Boundaries for Greek Natural Shallow and Deep Lakes for Water Framework Directive Compliance" Water 13, no. 5: 739. https://doi.org/10.3390/w13050739

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