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Article

Carbon Stocks of Hardwood Floodplain Forests along the Middle Elbe: The Influence of Forest Age, Structure, Species, and Hydrological Conditions

1
Applied Plant Ecology, Institute of Plant Sciences and Microbiology, Universität Hamburg, Ohnhorststraße 18, 22609 Hamburg, Germany
2
Helmholtz-Centre for Environmental Research-UFZ, Department of Conservation Biology, Permoserstraße 15, 04318 Leipzig, Germany
*
Author to whom correspondence should be addressed.
Academic Editor: Alenka Gaberščik
Water 2021, 13(5), 670; https://doi.org/10.3390/w13050670
Received: 30 January 2021 / Revised: 24 February 2021 / Accepted: 25 February 2021 / Published: 1 March 2021
(This article belongs to the Special Issue Hydrology-Shaped Plant Communities: Diversity and Ecological Function)
Hardwood floodplain (HF) forests can store a considerable amount of carbon (C), and floodplains may be good candidates for reforestation to provide natural C sinks. In this study, we use nondestructive inventory methods to estimate the C stocks of different tree species and C pools within HF forests of varying age and structure and located at sites differing in hydrological conditions (low and high active floodplain, seepage water zone, tributaries). The study was carried out along the Elbe river (Germany). Average C stocks for young plantations in the active floodplain were significantly lower (50.2 ± 10.8 SE Mg ha−1) than those of old dense (140.6 ± 11.6 SE Mg ha−1) and old sparse forests (180.4 ± 26.6 SE Mg ha−1) with comparable hydrological conditions. C stocks of old dense forests did not significantly vary from old sparse forests. Additionally, C stocks of old forests did not significantly vary according to hydrological conditions. The highest amount of C was stored in Quercus robur for all hydrological conditions. Ulmus laevis stored the second-highest amount of C on the active floodplain. We conclude that sparse and dense forests as well as forests under different hydrological conditions provide the same C storage function. View Full-Text
Keywords: carbon stocks; hardwood floodplain forest; hydrological conditions; floodplain ecology carbon stocks; hardwood floodplain forest; hydrological conditions; floodplain ecology
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MDPI and ACS Style

Shupe, H.A.; Hartmann, T.; Scholz, M.; Jensen, K.; Ludewig, K. Carbon Stocks of Hardwood Floodplain Forests along the Middle Elbe: The Influence of Forest Age, Structure, Species, and Hydrological Conditions. Water 2021, 13, 670. https://doi.org/10.3390/w13050670

AMA Style

Shupe HA, Hartmann T, Scholz M, Jensen K, Ludewig K. Carbon Stocks of Hardwood Floodplain Forests along the Middle Elbe: The Influence of Forest Age, Structure, Species, and Hydrological Conditions. Water. 2021; 13(5):670. https://doi.org/10.3390/w13050670

Chicago/Turabian Style

Shupe, Heather A., Timo Hartmann, Mathias Scholz, Kai Jensen, and Kristin Ludewig. 2021. "Carbon Stocks of Hardwood Floodplain Forests along the Middle Elbe: The Influence of Forest Age, Structure, Species, and Hydrological Conditions" Water 13, no. 5: 670. https://doi.org/10.3390/w13050670

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