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Article

Experimental Study of the Quantitative Impact of Flow Turbulence on Algal Growth

1
Department of Environmental Science, College of Environmental Science and Engineering, Tongji University, Shanghai 200092, China
2
Jianxue Architecture and Engineering Design Institute Co., Ltd., Shanghai 200050, China
3
Hunan Architecture Design Institute Limited Company, Changsha 410006, China
4
School of Environment and Architecture, University of Shanghai for Science and Technology, Shanghai 200093, China
*
Author to whom correspondence should be addressed.
Academic Editor: Éva Ács
Water 2021, 13(5), 659; https://doi.org/10.3390/w13050659
Received: 12 January 2021 / Revised: 4 February 2021 / Accepted: 8 February 2021 / Published: 28 February 2021
(This article belongs to the Special Issue Algae: Indices of Water and Ecological Quality)
Flow turbulence has been widely accepted as one of the essential factors affecting phytoplankton growth. In this study, laboratory cultures of Microcystis aeruginosa in beakers were carried out under different turbulent conditions to identify the quantitative relationship between the algal growth rate and the turbulent intensity. The turbulent intensity (represented by energy dissipation rate, ε) was simulated with the software FLUENT. Daily measurement of the two parameters (algal biomass and chlorophyll-a concentration) was carried out during the experimental period to represent the algal growth rate. Meanwhile, the rates of photosynthetic oxygen evolution and chlorophyll fluorescence intensity were calculated to investigate the photosynthetic efficiency. The results indicated that the growth rate of Microcystis aeruginosa became higher in the turbulent environment than in the still water environment under the designed experimental conditions. The peak growth rate of Microcystis aeruginosa occurred when ε was 6.44 × 10−2 m2/s3, over which the rate declined, probably due to unfavorable impacts of strong turbulence. In comparison, the maximum rate of photosynthetic oxygen evolution occurred when ε was 0.19 m2/s3. Based on the findings of this study, an exponential function was proposed in order to incorporate the effect of flow turbulence into the existing algal growth models, which usually just consider the impacts of nutrient availability, illumination, and temperature. View Full-Text
Keywords: flow turbulence; Microcystis aeruginosa; algal biomass; chlorophyll-a; growth rate flow turbulence; Microcystis aeruginosa; algal biomass; chlorophyll-a; growth rate
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MDPI and ACS Style

Zhang, H.; Cui, Y.; Zhang, Y.; Xu, H.; Li, F. Experimental Study of the Quantitative Impact of Flow Turbulence on Algal Growth. Water 2021, 13, 659. https://doi.org/10.3390/w13050659

AMA Style

Zhang H, Cui Y, Zhang Y, Xu H, Li F. Experimental Study of the Quantitative Impact of Flow Turbulence on Algal Growth. Water. 2021; 13(5):659. https://doi.org/10.3390/w13050659

Chicago/Turabian Style

Zhang, Haiping, Yafei Cui, Yuehong Zhang, Hanling Xu, and Feipeng Li. 2021. "Experimental Study of the Quantitative Impact of Flow Turbulence on Algal Growth" Water 13, no. 5: 659. https://doi.org/10.3390/w13050659

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