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Open AccessArticle

An Initial Framework for Understanding the Resilience of Aquifers to Groundwater Pumping

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Instituto Geológico y Minero de España (IGME)/Geological Survey of Spain, Ríos Rosas 23, 28003 Madrid, Spain
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ICATALIST, Borni 20, 28232 Madrid, Spain
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Geological Survey of Denmark and Greenland, GEUS, Øster Voldgade 10, 1350 Copenhagen, Denmark
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Independent Researcher, 1350 Copenhagen, Denmark
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Departamento de Geodinámica, Estratigrafía y Paleontología, Facultad de Ciencias Geológicas, Universidad Complutense de Madrid, C/Jose Antonio Novais 2, Ciudad Universitaria, 28040 Madrid, Spain
*
Author to whom correspondence should be addressed.
Academic Editor: Thomas M. Missimer
Water 2021, 13(4), 519; https://doi.org/10.3390/w13040519
Received: 30 December 2020 / Revised: 12 February 2021 / Accepted: 12 February 2021 / Published: 17 February 2021
Groundwater stored in aquifers experiences a wide variety of natural, induced and/or anthropogenic disturbances. Among them, groundwater extraction is the main disturbance that affects most of the aquifers in the world. Aquifer’s resilience, understood as the potential of the aquifer to sustain disturbances on the long term and to guarantee essential qualities and functions, provides a key tool when assessing sustainable groundwater management alternatives. The aim of this work is to illustrate an aquifer resilience framework that can support groundwater sustainable management. A theoretical framework is based on the identification of the key variables that parameterize the quantitative and qualitative responses of the groundwater flow system to pumping. An example from the literature based in Denmark is provided as an illustration of the proposed framework. The results show that long-term high quality data are essential to make a step further in aquifers dynamic responses. The quantitative understanding of the aquifer’s behavior before, during and after groundwater extraction provides a valuable source of information in order to identify thresholds of change (tipping points, transitions or regime shifts) which could permit pro-active groundwater management decisions. Moreover, a deeper understanding on the aquifer’s dynamics provides useful information in order to avert threats that may put the sustainability of the system at risk. View Full-Text
Keywords: aquifer system; groundwater flow; resilience; water security; sustainability aquifer system; groundwater flow; resilience; water security; sustainability
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MDPI and ACS Style

Hera-Portillo, Á.d.l.; López-Gutiérrez, J.; Mayor, B.; López-Gunn, E.; Henriksen, H.J.; Gejl, R.N.; Zorrilla-Miras, P.; Martínez-Santos, P. An Initial Framework for Understanding the Resilience of Aquifers to Groundwater Pumping. Water 2021, 13, 519. https://doi.org/10.3390/w13040519

AMA Style

Hera-Portillo Ádl, López-Gutiérrez J, Mayor B, López-Gunn E, Henriksen HJ, Gejl RN, Zorrilla-Miras P, Martínez-Santos P. An Initial Framework for Understanding the Resilience of Aquifers to Groundwater Pumping. Water. 2021; 13(4):519. https://doi.org/10.3390/w13040519

Chicago/Turabian Style

Hera-Portillo, África d.l.; López-Gutiérrez, Julio; Mayor, Beatriz; López-Gunn, Elena; Henriksen, Hans J.; Gejl, Ryle N.; Zorrilla-Miras, Pedro; Martínez-Santos, Pedro. 2021. "An Initial Framework for Understanding the Resilience of Aquifers to Groundwater Pumping" Water 13, no. 4: 519. https://doi.org/10.3390/w13040519

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