Next Article in Journal
An Enhanced Electrocoagulation Process for the Removal of Fe and Mn from Municipal Wastewater Using Dielectrophoresis (DEP)
Next Article in Special Issue
Stepwise Identification of Influencing Factors and Prediction of Typhoon Precipitation in Anhui Province Based on the Back Propagation Neural Network Model
Previous Article in Journal
Modelling of the Discharge Response to Climate Change under RCP8.5 Scenario in the Alata River Basin (Mersin, SE Turkey)
Previous Article in Special Issue
Uncertainty Analysis of SWAT Modeling in the Lancang River Basin Using Four Different Algorithms
Open AccessArticle

Nonstationary Ecological Instream Flow and Relevant Causes in the Huai River Basin, China

by 1,2, 2,3,*, 3,4,* and 2
1
State Key Laboratory of Earth Surface Processes and Resource Ecology, Beijing Normal University, Beijing 100875, China
2
School of Geography and Tourism, Anhui Normal University, Wuhu 241002, China
3
Key Laboratory of Environmental Change and Natural Disaster, Ministry of Education, Beijing Normal University, Beijing 100875, China
4
Faculty of Geographical Science, Academy of Disaster Reduction and Emergency Management, Beijing Normal University, Beijing 100875, China
*
Authors to whom correspondence should be addressed.
Academic Editor: Roko Andricevic
Water 2021, 13(4), 484; https://doi.org/10.3390/w13040484
Received: 20 November 2020 / Revised: 1 February 2021 / Accepted: 2 February 2021 / Published: 13 February 2021
(This article belongs to the Special Issue Hydrological Modeling in Water Cycle Processes)
Based on the daily precipitation data during 1960–2016 at 72 stations and the daily streamflow data during 1956–2016 at 7 hydrological stations in the Huai River Basin (HRB), China, eco-surplus and eco-deficit under influences of abrupt streamflow behaviors were analyzed using Flow Duration Curve (FDC). The relations between indicators of hydrological alteration (IHA) and ecological indicators (Shannon Index, SI) were quantified, investigating impacts of altered hydrological processes on the evaluations of the ecological instream flow. Besides, we also quantified fractional contributions of climatic indices to nonstationary ecological instream flow using the Generalized Additive Models for Location Scale and Shape (GAMLSS) framework. While the possible impact of human activities on ecological instream flow will be revealed based on land use changes data. The results indicated that: (1) FDC is subject to general decrease due to hydrological alterations, and most streamflow components are lower than 25% FDC. We found increased eco-deficit and decreased eco-surplus due to altered hydrological processes. The FDC of the streamflow in the main stream of the HRB is lower than that along the tributaries of the HRB. Eco-surplus (eco-deficit) changes are in good line with precipitation anomaly changes during the Spring, Autumn and Winter periods. However, the hydrological alterations due to hydrological regulations by the reservoirs are the primary cause behind the mismatch between ecological instream flow and precipitation anomalies during summer; (2) Annual and seasonal eco-surplus (eco-deficit) is decreasing (increasing) and that during winter season is an exception. Although higher eco-surplus in winter than in other seasons, the eco-surplus is decreasing persistently and the 21st century witnessed the lowest eco-surplus along the main stream of the HRB. Meanwhile, the Shannon index indicated decreased ecological diversity across the HRB; (3) The ecological instream flow is highly sensitive to The Pacific Decadal Oscillation (PDO), North Atlantic Oscillation (NAO) and Niño 3.4 Sea Surface Temperature Index (Nino3.4). Meanwhile, the ecological instream flow along the mainstream of the HRB is highly sensitive to climate indices. While the ecological instream flow by GAMLSS model has better fitting performance in describing the extreme values and local trends. View Full-Text
Keywords: ecological instream flow; nonstationary; GAMLSS; climatic factors; Huai River basin ecological instream flow; nonstationary; GAMLSS; climatic factors; Huai River basin
Show Figures

Figure 1

MDPI and ACS Style

Wen, Q.; Sun, P.; Zhang, Q.; Li, H. Nonstationary Ecological Instream Flow and Relevant Causes in the Huai River Basin, China. Water 2021, 13, 484. https://doi.org/10.3390/w13040484

AMA Style

Wen Q, Sun P, Zhang Q, Li H. Nonstationary Ecological Instream Flow and Relevant Causes in the Huai River Basin, China. Water. 2021; 13(4):484. https://doi.org/10.3390/w13040484

Chicago/Turabian Style

Wen, Qingzhi; Sun, Peng; Zhang, Qiang; Li, Hu. 2021. "Nonstationary Ecological Instream Flow and Relevant Causes in the Huai River Basin, China" Water 13, no. 4: 484. https://doi.org/10.3390/w13040484

Find Other Styles
Note that from the first issue of 2016, MDPI journals use article numbers instead of page numbers. See further details here.

Article Access Map by Country/Region

1
Search more from Scilit
 
Search
Back to TopTop