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Open AccessArticle

Climate Change Adaptations for Food Security in Vulnerable Areas of the Egyptian Nile—For Tackling the Overlooked Nexus Hazards of Hydrological Extremes and Waste Pollutions

1
Department of Civil Engineering, University of Bristol, Bristol BS8 1TR, UK
2
Geology Department, Faculty of Science, Minia University, Minia 61519, Egypt
*
Author to whom correspondence should be addressed.
Academic Editor: Christos S. Akratos
Water 2021, 13(4), 412; https://doi.org/10.3390/w13040412
Received: 22 December 2020 / Revised: 25 January 2021 / Accepted: 1 February 2021 / Published: 4 February 2021
(This article belongs to the Section Hydrology and Hydrogeology)
The Nile Delta has been suffering from complex environmental hazards caused by climate change and human-induced evolvements, which have led to adverse impacts on national food security. An unfavourable nexus between solid waste management issues and extreme hydrological events is examined mainly through extensive field investigation and literature research, which is an emerging issue affecting food safety and security whilst still being overlooked so far. The findings not only reveal the significance of the emerging issue but also support our proposed recommendations in the policy/legislation and technology sphere. This interdisciplinary research employs a holistic lens that covers diverse perspectives, including systemic problems, wastewater treatment, and environmental neuroscience, to explore the relationship between food, climate change, water management, and waste pollution, and to achieve novel discoveries for the practical adaptations of Egypt’s challenges. View Full-Text
Keywords: the Nile Delta; solid waste management; flood management; climate change; irrigation drainage; environmental neuroscience; wastewater treatment the Nile Delta; solid waste management; flood management; climate change; irrigation drainage; environmental neuroscience; wastewater treatment
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MDPI and ACS Style

Chen, O.; Abdelhalim, A.; Liu, Y.; Rico-Ramirez, M.; Han, D. Climate Change Adaptations for Food Security in Vulnerable Areas of the Egyptian Nile—For Tackling the Overlooked Nexus Hazards of Hydrological Extremes and Waste Pollutions. Water 2021, 13, 412. https://doi.org/10.3390/w13040412

AMA Style

Chen O, Abdelhalim A, Liu Y, Rico-Ramirez M, Han D. Climate Change Adaptations for Food Security in Vulnerable Areas of the Egyptian Nile—For Tackling the Overlooked Nexus Hazards of Hydrological Extremes and Waste Pollutions. Water. 2021; 13(4):412. https://doi.org/10.3390/w13040412

Chicago/Turabian Style

Chen, Otto; Abdelhalim, Ahmed; Liu, Ying; Rico-Ramirez, Miguel; Han, Dawei. 2021. "Climate Change Adaptations for Food Security in Vulnerable Areas of the Egyptian Nile—For Tackling the Overlooked Nexus Hazards of Hydrological Extremes and Waste Pollutions" Water 13, no. 4: 412. https://doi.org/10.3390/w13040412

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