Next Article in Journal
Blue Water Visitor Monitoring Potential: A Literature Review and Alternative Proposal
Next Article in Special Issue
Influence of Production Strategy on Gross Waste Output and Temporal Pattern of Gilthead Seabream (Sparus Aurata) Farming: Implications for Environmental Management
Previous Article in Journal
An RF-PCE Hybrid Surrogate Model for Sensitivity Analysis of Dams
Previous Article in Special Issue
Assignment of Gilthead Seabream Sparus aurata to Its Origin through Scale Shape and Microchemistry Composition: Management Implications for Aquaculture Escapees
Article

Sustainability Assessment of White Shrimp (Penaeus vannamei) Production in Super-Intensive System in the Municipality of San Blas, Nayarit, Mexico

1
Maestría en Desarrollo Económico Local, Universidad Autónoma de Nayarit (MDEL-UAN), Ciudad de la Cultura s/n, 63037 Nayarit, Mexico
2
Instituto Murciano de Investigación y Desarrollo Agrario y Alimentario (IMIDA), Calle Mayor s/n, 30150 Murcia, Spain
*
Authors to whom correspondence should be addressed.
Academic Editor: Markus Berger
Water 2021, 13(3), 304; https://doi.org/10.3390/w13030304
Received: 3 November 2020 / Revised: 22 December 2020 / Accepted: 21 January 2021 / Published: 27 January 2021
(This article belongs to the Special Issue Recent Advances in Environmental Interactions of Marine Aquaculture)
The super-intensive white shrimp system is more productive (t ha−1) than traditional systems. However, it implies greater investment in infrastructure and machinery, a continuous supply of electricity, and a specialized workforce. Therefore, the sustainability of a shrimp farm model operating in a super-intensive system in Nayarit (Mexico) was evaluated using financial analysis and life cycle assessment. The investment is important, but the fixed costs (16%) are much lower than variable costs (84%). The super-intensive farm is economically viable, with an overall profitability (29%) that is higher than that of other agri-food activities in Mexico. It is also an activity that generates a lot of employment, in relative terms, as well as economic movement in the area. The potential environmental impacts are higher than those registered in semi-intensive shrimp systems but slightly lower than those registered in intensive systems. The estimated global warming value per kg of shrimp is 5.08 kg CO2-eq, an intermediate value. Also, as the shrimp production is much higher than in traditional systems, it could have a great and positive impact on the maintenance and regeneration of the mangrove ecosystem. View Full-Text
Keywords: Penaeus vannamei; super-intensive; sustainability; economics; costs; LCA Penaeus vannamei; super-intensive; sustainability; economics; costs; LCA
Show Figures

Figure 1

MDPI and ACS Style

Noguera-Muñoz, F.A.; García García, B.; Ponce-Palafox, J.T.; Wicab-Gutierrez, O.; Castillo-Vargasmachuca, S.G.; García García, J. Sustainability Assessment of White Shrimp (Penaeus vannamei) Production in Super-Intensive System in the Municipality of San Blas, Nayarit, Mexico. Water 2021, 13, 304. https://doi.org/10.3390/w13030304

AMA Style

Noguera-Muñoz FA, García García B, Ponce-Palafox JT, Wicab-Gutierrez O, Castillo-Vargasmachuca SG, García García J. Sustainability Assessment of White Shrimp (Penaeus vannamei) Production in Super-Intensive System in the Municipality of San Blas, Nayarit, Mexico. Water. 2021; 13(3):304. https://doi.org/10.3390/w13030304

Chicago/Turabian Style

Noguera-Muñoz, Favio A., Benjamín García García, Jesús T. Ponce-Palafox, Omar Wicab-Gutierrez, Sergio G. Castillo-Vargasmachuca, and José García García. 2021. "Sustainability Assessment of White Shrimp (Penaeus vannamei) Production in Super-Intensive System in the Municipality of San Blas, Nayarit, Mexico" Water 13, no. 3: 304. https://doi.org/10.3390/w13030304

Find Other Styles
Note that from the first issue of 2016, MDPI journals use article numbers instead of page numbers. See further details here.

Article Access Map by Country/Region

1
Back to TopTop