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Acknowledgment to Reviewers of Water in 2020
Article

Fishery-Based Ecotourism in Developing Countries Can Enhance the Social-Ecological Resilience of Coastal Fishers—A Case Study of Bangladesh

1
Department of Oceanography, University of Chittagong, Chittagong 4331, Bangladesh
2
Department for Water, Environment, Civil Engineering and Safety, University of Applied Sciences Magdeburg-Stendal, Breitscheidstraße 2, D-39114 Magdeburg, Germany
3
Institute of Marine Sciences, University of Chittagong, Chittagong 4331, Bangladesh
4
Fisheries and Environmental Management Group, Faculty of Biological and Environmental Sciences, Helsinki Institute of Sustainability Science (HELSUS), University of Helsinki, 00014 Helsinki, Finland
*
Authors to whom correspondence should be addressed.
Academic Editors: Robert C. Burns and Danielle Schwarzmann
Water 2021, 13(3), 292; https://doi.org/10.3390/w13030292
Received: 14 December 2020 / Revised: 19 January 2021 / Accepted: 21 January 2021 / Published: 25 January 2021
The importance of recreational fishing, in many coastal areas and less developed nations, is increasing rapidly. Connecting fisheries to tourism can create innovative tourism products and provide new income sources. The present study is the first to explore the concept of coastal fishery-based ecotourism (FbE) to enhance the social–ecological resilience of coastal fishing communities in a specific tourist spot in Bangladesh. A combination of primary (quantitative and qualitative) and secondary (literature databases) data sources were used in this study. It applied a social–ecological system (SES) and social–ecological resilience (SER) concept to collect quantitative and qualitative data (120 in-depth individual interviews, four focus group discussions, and strengths, weakness, opportunities, and threats-SWOT analyses) and frame their interpretation. The study found that Bangladesh needs to adopt a firm policy to utilize tourism’s potential in national economic development and societal progress. The findings show the considerable potential of the concept that integrates business, education, and an environmental conservation perspective in Bangladesh, specifically for Saint Martin’s Island: 32% of interviewees expressed that increasing employment opportunities and the Gross Domestic Products (GDP) is the primary potential, whereas 31% said it would attract fishing tourists and 23% believed it would develop the local infrastructure and facilities for fishing and tourism. Similarly, most of the respondents (31%) thought that the lack of awareness and promotional activities is the main limitation preventing this initiative from being well accepted. Moreover, based on the findings, specific measures for strengthening the social–ecological resilience of the coastal fishers via FbE at the local level were suggested, including building communal links, developing community infrastructures, revising prevailing rules and regulations, offering alternative means of generating income for fishers during disaster periods, and more active sharing of responsibility between stakeholders and government for the management of FbE. Finally, with its focus on the prospects and challenges of coastal FbE development on Saint Martin’s Island, this article provides a useful reference point for future discourse on similar social and economic strategies. While this study focuses on Bangladesh’s coastal fishing villages, the results are possibly applicable more broadly in similar contexts and developing countries worldwide. View Full-Text
Keywords: coastal fisheries; ecotourism; social–ecological systems; social–ecological resilience; employment; Saint Martin’s Island coastal fisheries; ecotourism; social–ecological systems; social–ecological resilience; employment; Saint Martin’s Island
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MDPI and ACS Style

Uddin, M.M.; Schneider, P.; Asif, M.R.I.; Rahman, M.S.; Arifuzzaman; Mozumder, M.M.H. Fishery-Based Ecotourism in Developing Countries Can Enhance the Social-Ecological Resilience of Coastal Fishers—A Case Study of Bangladesh. Water 2021, 13, 292. https://doi.org/10.3390/w13030292

AMA Style

Uddin MM, Schneider P, Asif MRI, Rahman MS, Arifuzzaman, Mozumder MMH. Fishery-Based Ecotourism in Developing Countries Can Enhance the Social-Ecological Resilience of Coastal Fishers—A Case Study of Bangladesh. Water. 2021; 13(3):292. https://doi.org/10.3390/w13030292

Chicago/Turabian Style

Uddin, Mohammad M., Petra Schneider, Md. R.I. Asif, Mohammad S. Rahman, Arifuzzaman, and Mohammad M.H. Mozumder. 2021. "Fishery-Based Ecotourism in Developing Countries Can Enhance the Social-Ecological Resilience of Coastal Fishers—A Case Study of Bangladesh" Water 13, no. 3: 292. https://doi.org/10.3390/w13030292

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