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Article

A Biological Method of Treating Surface Water Contaminated with Industrial Waste Leachate

1
Department of Water Treatment and Protection, Rzeszow University of Technology, 35959 Rzeszow, Poland
2
Doctoral School of Engineering and Technical Sciences, Rzeszow University of Technology, 35959 Rzeszow, Poland
*
Author to whom correspondence should be addressed.
Academic Editor: Efthimia A. Kaprara
Water 2021, 13(24), 3644; https://doi.org/10.3390/w13243644
Received: 7 November 2021 / Revised: 9 December 2021 / Accepted: 13 December 2021 / Published: 17 December 2021
The progressive chemicalization of all areas of everyday life and the development of the industry cause the appearance of various types of pollutants, both in groundwater and surface waters. Kalina Pond (Świętochłowice, Poland) is an example of a degraded water reservoir as a result of many years of activity, among others hard coal mines, storing metallurgical waste by zinc plants, and the activities of the Hajduki Chemical Plants from Chorzów. Inadequate securing of waste heaps resulted in the penetration of pollutants, i.e., phenol, petroleum compounds, PAHs, cyanides, and heavy metals. The aim of the research was to determine the suitability of biopreparations for the removal of pollutants. The research used a bacterial biopreparation from BioArcus, “DBC plus type R5”, to remove petroleum compounds and phenol. Then, in order to restore the microbiological balance, “ACS ODO-1” from the biopreparation was used. The research was carried out in laboratory conditions, using three variants: direct dosing of biopreparations, dosing of biopreparations previously activated by multiplication on the medium, and dosing of biopreparations into water after filtration on a diatomite bed. The optimal method of recultivating water from a reservoir was to filter this water through a diatomite bed and then dose the multiplied bacteria. After the filtration process, the obtained percentage of TOC reduction allowed for the rapid development of microorganisms from the biopreparation, despite the 100 times lower dose used. In addition, the application of lyophilized biopreparation to contaminated water resulted in a very fast biodegradation effect of pollutants, despite the high concentration of numerous toxic compounds. View Full-Text
Keywords: biopreparation; FCM; ATP; industrial waste biopreparation; FCM; ATP; industrial waste
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MDPI and ACS Style

Zamorska, J.; Kiełb-Sotkiewicz, I. A Biological Method of Treating Surface Water Contaminated with Industrial Waste Leachate. Water 2021, 13, 3644. https://doi.org/10.3390/w13243644

AMA Style

Zamorska J, Kiełb-Sotkiewicz I. A Biological Method of Treating Surface Water Contaminated with Industrial Waste Leachate. Water. 2021; 13(24):3644. https://doi.org/10.3390/w13243644

Chicago/Turabian Style

Zamorska, Justyna, and Izabela Kiełb-Sotkiewicz. 2021. "A Biological Method of Treating Surface Water Contaminated with Industrial Waste Leachate" Water 13, no. 24: 3644. https://doi.org/10.3390/w13243644

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