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Article

Multicriteria Visual Approach to the Analysis of Water Quality—A Case Study of the Tisa River Basin in Serbia

1
Faculty of Technology, University of Niš, Bulevar Oslobođenja 124, 16000 Leskovac, Serbia
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The College of Academic Studies “Dositej”, Bulevar Vojvode Putnika 7, 11000 Belgrade, Serbia
3
Department of Engineering Management, Technical Faculty, University of Belgrade, Vojske Jugoslavije 12, 19210 Bor, Serbia
*
Author to whom correspondence should be addressed.
Academic Editor: Sergei M. Chernyák
Water 2021, 13(24), 3537; https://doi.org/10.3390/w13243537
Received: 26 November 2021 / Revised: 7 December 2021 / Accepted: 8 December 2021 / Published: 10 December 2021
The aim of this research is to provide the assessment of water quality with a wider scheme of interrelations between the water quality parameters and locations using a reliable visual approach of multicriteria PROMETHEE and GAIA methods. The case study of one of the largest and regionally most important catchment areas on the territory of the Republic of Serbia—the Tisa River Basin—was therein used. The analysis of water quality included scenarios for warm (summer), cold (winter), and average annual period. A partial and complete ranking of locations according to the quality of water was performed by applying the PROMETHEE method and expanded afterward by GAIA method analysis to point out critical locations with endangered water quality (M6, M4, and M11). Identified locations were then investigated in more detail using spider web graphs that revealed water quality variables of concern (PO4-P and N) and indicated the causes of its occurrence. The obtained results are in accordance with the results of physical and chemical tests that are regularly conducted by the official government agencies for environmental protection and the reports that are presented to the public. The presented approach can easily be applied to any water body to point out both the locations with reduced water quality and the specific parameters (causes) that affect the reduction of water quality at these locations, thereby enhancing and strengthening usual water quality assessments as well as water resources management in general. View Full-Text
Keywords: multicriteria analysis; PROMETHEE; GAIA; spider web graphs multicriteria analysis; PROMETHEE; GAIA; spider web graphs
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MDPI and ACS Style

Mladenović-Ranisavljević, I.; Babić, G.; Vuković, M.; Voza, D. Multicriteria Visual Approach to the Analysis of Water Quality—A Case Study of the Tisa River Basin in Serbia. Water 2021, 13, 3537. https://doi.org/10.3390/w13243537

AMA Style

Mladenović-Ranisavljević I, Babić G, Vuković M, Voza D. Multicriteria Visual Approach to the Analysis of Water Quality—A Case Study of the Tisa River Basin in Serbia. Water. 2021; 13(24):3537. https://doi.org/10.3390/w13243537

Chicago/Turabian Style

Mladenović-Ranisavljević, Ivana, Goran Babić, Milovan Vuković, and Danijela Voza. 2021. "Multicriteria Visual Approach to the Analysis of Water Quality—A Case Study of the Tisa River Basin in Serbia" Water 13, no. 24: 3537. https://doi.org/10.3390/w13243537

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