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Article

Facile Synthesis of Cu-Zn Binary Oxide Coupled Cadmium Tungstate (Cu-ZnBO-Cp-CT) with Enhanced Performance of Dye Adsorption

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Department of Chemistry, Jamia Millia Islamia, New Delhi 110025, India
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Chemical Engineering Department, College of Engineering, King Khalid University, Abha 61411, Saudi Arabia
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Department of Chemistry, Ramjas College, Delhi University, Delhi 110007, India
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Department of Physics, Ramjas College, Delhi University, Delhi 110007, India
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Department of Chemistry, DeshBandhu College, Delhi University, Delhi 110019, India
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Department of Civil Engineering, Kyung Hee University, Yongin-si 17104, Gyeonggi-do, Korea
*
Author to whom correspondence should be addressed.
Equally contributed.
Academic Editor: Marisa Almeida
Water 2021, 13(22), 3287; https://doi.org/10.3390/w13223287
Received: 13 October 2021 / Revised: 14 November 2021 / Accepted: 17 November 2021 / Published: 20 November 2021
(This article belongs to the Section Wastewater Treatment and Reuse)
This study reports the synthesis of copper–zinc binary oxide coupled cadmium tungstate through a simple bio-precipitation method followed by calcination at 600 °C and its adsorption application. The characterization analysis reveals that the prepared composite has low particles size (nano-range), high porosity, and functional groups on the surface. The calcination of sample at 600 °C causes some essential function groups to disappear on the surface. Prepared composite was found to be effective adsorptive material to treat Congo red dye in aqueous solution. 2.5 g L−1 dose of adsorbent could remove more than 99% Congo red dye from 10 mg L−1 solution and more than 80% Congo red dye from 60 mg L−1 aqueous solution. The maximum adsorption capacity of present adsorbent was calculated to be 19.6 mg Congo red per gram of adsorbent. Isotherms analysis suggested a physio-chemical adsorption process. Thermodynamic analysis revealed a exothermic and feasible adsorption process. Adsorption rate was well explained by pseudo second order kinetics. The rate determining step was intra-particle diffusion evaluated from the Weber-Morris plot. To assess the adsorption performance of present adsorbent for Congo red dye the partition coefficient and adsorption equilibrium capacity were compared with other adsorbents. The partition coefficient and adsorption equilibrium values for 10 mg L−1 aqueous solution were found to be approximately 83.3 mg g−1 µM−1 and 4.0 mg g−1 at 30 °C and 7.0 pH using 2.5 g L−1 adsorbent. The value of partition coefficient was found to be higher than previous reported zinc oxide coupled cadmium tungstate having partition coefficient = as 21.4 mg g−1 µM−1 at 30 °C and 7.0 pH using 2.0 g L−1 adsorbent. These results suggested that present adsorption technology is efficient for wastewater treatment. View Full-Text
Keywords: green synthesis; binary oxide; coupled cadmium tungstate; water treatment; adsorption; Congo red green synthesis; binary oxide; coupled cadmium tungstate; water treatment; adsorption; Congo red
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MDPI and ACS Style

Fatima, B.; Alwan, B.A.; Siddiqui, S.I.; Ahmad, R.; Almesfer, M.; Khanna, M.K.; Mishra, R.; Ravi, R.; Oh, S. Facile Synthesis of Cu-Zn Binary Oxide Coupled Cadmium Tungstate (Cu-ZnBO-Cp-CT) with Enhanced Performance of Dye Adsorption. Water 2021, 13, 3287. https://doi.org/10.3390/w13223287

AMA Style

Fatima B, Alwan BA, Siddiqui SI, Ahmad R, Almesfer M, Khanna MK, Mishra R, Ravi R, Oh S. Facile Synthesis of Cu-Zn Binary Oxide Coupled Cadmium Tungstate (Cu-ZnBO-Cp-CT) with Enhanced Performance of Dye Adsorption. Water. 2021; 13(22):3287. https://doi.org/10.3390/w13223287

Chicago/Turabian Style

Fatima, Bushra, Basem A. Alwan, Sharf I. Siddiqui, Rabia Ahmad, Mohammed Almesfer, Manoj K. Khanna, Ruby Mishra, Rangnath Ravi, and Seungdae Oh. 2021. "Facile Synthesis of Cu-Zn Binary Oxide Coupled Cadmium Tungstate (Cu-ZnBO-Cp-CT) with Enhanced Performance of Dye Adsorption" Water 13, no. 22: 3287. https://doi.org/10.3390/w13223287

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