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Review

A Review on Emerging Pollutants in the Water Environment: Existences, Health Effects and Treatment Processes

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Center for Environmental Sustainability and Water Security (IPASA), Research Institute for Sustainable Environment (RISE), Universiti Teknologi Malaysia, Skudai 81310, Malaysia
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Department of Environmental Engineering, School of Civil Engineering, Faculty of Engineering, Universiti Teknologi Malaysia, Bahru 81310, Malaysia
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Civil Engineering Department, Faculty of Engineering, Technology and Built Environment, UCSI University, Cheras, Kuala Lumpur 56000, Malaysia
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School of Engineering and Applied Sciences, Memorial University of Newfoundland, St. John’s, NL A1C 5S7, Canada
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Department of Civil Engineering Technology, Faculty of Civil Engineering Technology, Universiti Tun Hussein Onn Malaysia, Pagoh Education Hub, Batu Pahat 84600, Malaysia
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Department of Chemistry, Faculty of Mathematics and Natural Science, Universitas Sumatera Utara, Medan 20155, Indonesia
*
Author to whom correspondence should be addressed.
Academic Editors: Layla Ben Ayed, Eleni Golomazou, Panagiotis Karanis, Patrick Scheid, Ourania Tzoraki, Anna Lass and Muhammad Shahid Iqbal
Water 2021, 13(22), 3258; https://doi.org/10.3390/w13223258
Received: 27 September 2021 / Revised: 8 November 2021 / Accepted: 10 November 2021 / Published: 17 November 2021
(This article belongs to the Topic Emerging Solutions for Water, Sanitation and Hygiene)
Emerging pollutants (EPs), also known as micropollutants, have been a major issue for the global population in recent years as a result of the potential threats they bring to the environment and human health. Pharmaceuticals and personal care products (PPCPs), antibiotics, and hormones that are used in great demand for health and cosmetic purposes have rapidly culminated in the emergence of environmental pollutants. EPs impact the environment in a variety of ways. EPs originate from animal or human sources, either directly discharged into waterbodies or slowly leached via soils. As a result, water quality will deteriorate, drinking water sources will be contaminated, and health issues will arise. Since drinking water treatment plants rely on water resources, the prevalence of this contamination in aquatic environments, particularly surface water, is a severe problem. The review looks into several related issues on EPs in water environment, including methods in removing EPs. Despite its benefits and downsides, the EPs treatment processes comprise several approaches such as physico-chemical, biological, and advanced oxidation processes. Nonetheless, one of the membrane-based filtration methods, ultrafiltration, is considered as one of the technologies that promises the best micropollutant removal in water. With interesting properties including a moderate operating manner and great selectivity, this treatment approach is more popular than conventional ones. This study presents a comprehensive summary of EP’s existence in the environment, its toxicological consequences on health, and potential removal and treatment strategies. View Full-Text
Keywords: water environment; emerging pollutants (EPs); treatment processes; health effects; removal strategies water environment; emerging pollutants (EPs); treatment processes; health effects; removal strategies
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MDPI and ACS Style

Arman, N.Z.; Salmiati, S.; Aris, A.; Salim, M.R.; Nazifa, T.H.; Muhamad, M.S.; Marpongahtun, M. A Review on Emerging Pollutants in the Water Environment: Existences, Health Effects and Treatment Processes. Water 2021, 13, 3258. https://doi.org/10.3390/w13223258

AMA Style

Arman NZ, Salmiati S, Aris A, Salim MR, Nazifa TH, Muhamad MS, Marpongahtun M. A Review on Emerging Pollutants in the Water Environment: Existences, Health Effects and Treatment Processes. Water. 2021; 13(22):3258. https://doi.org/10.3390/w13223258

Chicago/Turabian Style

Arman, Nor Z., Salmiati Salmiati, Azmi Aris, Mohd R. Salim, Tasnia H. Nazifa, Mimi S. Muhamad, and Marpongahtun Marpongahtun. 2021. "A Review on Emerging Pollutants in the Water Environment: Existences, Health Effects and Treatment Processes" Water 13, no. 22: 3258. https://doi.org/10.3390/w13223258

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