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Effects of Stepwise Adjustment of C/N during the Start-Up of Submerged Membrane Bioreactors (SMBRs) on the Aerobic Denitrification of Wastewater

School of Life and Environmental Sciences, Hangzhou Normal University, Hangzhou 311121, China
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Author to whom correspondence should be addressed.
Academic Editor: Bing-Jie Ni
Water 2021, 13(22), 3251; https://doi.org/10.3390/w13223251
Received: 25 October 2021 / Revised: 14 November 2021 / Accepted: 15 November 2021 / Published: 17 November 2021
(This article belongs to the Special Issue Nanotechnology-Enabled Water Technologies for a Sustainable Future)
Based on the improved high-efficiency sewage treatment performance of submerged membrane bioreactors (SMBRs), we focused on how to adjust the C/N ratio of the influent water during reactor start-up to prevent an excessive C/N ratio from causing membrane fouling. In this study, an experimental method of gradually adjusting the influent C/N ratio to quickly start the reactor was proposed, and the results showed that biofilm formation in R1 (SMBR, three influent C/N ratios of 5, 10, and 20) was approximately completed in 32 days, shorter than that (40 days) required in R2 (SMBR, influent C/N ratio of 20). Higher removal efficiencies of 76.4% for TN, 70.1% for COD, and 79.2% for NH3-N were obtained in R1 than in R2. The high-throughput sequencing results indicated that after 150 days of operation, the Shannon index of bacteria in R1 increased from 2.97 to 4.41 and the growth of Nakamurella, Ferruginibacter, and Rhodanobacter was promoted in the reactor, which indicated substantial microbial diversity in the biofilm. Therefore, gradually adjusting the influent C/N ratio could effectively enhance the nitrogen removal performance of denitrification microbial communities in SMBRs. This study offers a reliable approach for starting the SMBR-enhanced biological nutrient removal process in wastewater treatment plants by gradually adjusting the influent C/N ratio. View Full-Text
Keywords: microbial communities; C/N ratio; submerged membrane bioreactors (SMBRs); biofilm formation microbial communities; C/N ratio; submerged membrane bioreactors (SMBRs); biofilm formation
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MDPI and ACS Style

Zhang, Y.; Fang, Y.; Wang, B.; Zhang, H.; Ding, J. Effects of Stepwise Adjustment of C/N during the Start-Up of Submerged Membrane Bioreactors (SMBRs) on the Aerobic Denitrification of Wastewater. Water 2021, 13, 3251. https://doi.org/10.3390/w13223251

AMA Style

Zhang Y, Fang Y, Wang B, Zhang H, Ding J. Effects of Stepwise Adjustment of C/N during the Start-Up of Submerged Membrane Bioreactors (SMBRs) on the Aerobic Denitrification of Wastewater. Water. 2021; 13(22):3251. https://doi.org/10.3390/w13223251

Chicago/Turabian Style

Zhang, Yinan, Yuxin Fang, Banglong Wang, Hangjun Zhang, and Jiafeng Ding. 2021. "Effects of Stepwise Adjustment of C/N during the Start-Up of Submerged Membrane Bioreactors (SMBRs) on the Aerobic Denitrification of Wastewater" Water 13, no. 22: 3251. https://doi.org/10.3390/w13223251

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