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Comparison of Three Daily Rainfall-Runoff Hydrological Models Using Four Evapotranspiration Models in Four Small Forested Watersheds with Different Land Cover in South-Central Chile

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Departamento Manejo de Bosques y Medio Ambiente, Facultad de Ciencias Forestales, Universidad de Concepción—UdeC, Concepción 4070386, Chile
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Laboratorio de Geotecnologías y Modelamiento de Recursos Naturales (LGM), Universidad de Concepción—UdeC, Concepción 4070386, Chile
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Departamento de Matemática y Física Aplicadas, Facultad de Ingeniería, Universidad Católica de la Santísima Concepción, Concepción 4070386, Chile
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Departamento de Ingeniería Ambiental, Centro de Investigación y Tecnología del Agua (CITA), Universidad de Ingeniería y Tecnología (UTEC), Lima 15063, Peru
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Centro de Sustentabilidad y Gestión Estratégica de Recursos (CiSGER), Facultad de Ingeniería, Universidad del Desarrollo, Las Condes 7760609, Chile
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Water Research Center for Agriculture and Mining, (ANID/FONDAP/15130015), Victoria 1295, Concepcion 4070386, Chile
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Bioforest SA, Camino a Coronel s/n km 15, Coronel 4190000, Chile
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Water Resources and Energy for Agriculture PhD Program, Water Resources Department, Universidad de Concepción, Chillán 3812120, Chile
*
Author to whom correspondence should be addressed.
Academic Editor: Maria Mimikou
Water 2021, 13(22), 3191; https://doi.org/10.3390/w13223191
Received: 12 October 2021 / Revised: 6 November 2021 / Accepted: 9 November 2021 / Published: 11 November 2021
(This article belongs to the Section Hydrology)
We used the lumped rainfall–runoff hydrologic models Génie Rural à 4, 5, 6 paramètres Journalier (GR4J, GR5J and GR6J) to evaluate the most robust model for simulating discharge on four forested small catchments (<40 ha) in south-central Chile. Different evapotranspiration methods were evaluated: Oudin, Hargreaves–Samani and Priestley–Taylor. Oudin’s model allows the achievement of the highest efficiencies in the flow simulation. The more sensitive parameters for each model were identified through a Generalized Probability Uncertainty Estimation (GLUE) model. Our results demonstrate that the three hydrological models were capable of efficiently simulating flow in the four study catchments. However, the GR6J model obtained the most satisfactory results in terms of simulated to measured streamflow closeness. In general, the three models tended to underestimate peak flow, as well as underestimate and overestimate flow events in most of the in situ observations, according to the probability of non-exceedance. We also evaluated the models’ performance in a simulation of summer discharge due to the importance of downstream water supply in the months of greatest scarcity. Again, we found that GR6J obtained the most efficient simulations. View Full-Text
Keywords: hydrological models; small catchment; plantations; Pinus radiata; Nothofagus glauca; Eucalyptus nitens hydrological models; small catchment; plantations; Pinus radiata; Nothofagus glauca; Eucalyptus nitens
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MDPI and ACS Style

Flores, N.; Rodríguez, R.; Yépez, S.; Osores, V.; Rau, P.; Rivera, D.; Balocchi, F. Comparison of Three Daily Rainfall-Runoff Hydrological Models Using Four Evapotranspiration Models in Four Small Forested Watersheds with Different Land Cover in South-Central Chile. Water 2021, 13, 3191. https://doi.org/10.3390/w13223191

AMA Style

Flores N, Rodríguez R, Yépez S, Osores V, Rau P, Rivera D, Balocchi F. Comparison of Three Daily Rainfall-Runoff Hydrological Models Using Four Evapotranspiration Models in Four Small Forested Watersheds with Different Land Cover in South-Central Chile. Water. 2021; 13(22):3191. https://doi.org/10.3390/w13223191

Chicago/Turabian Style

Flores, Neftali, Rolando Rodríguez, Santiago Yépez, Victor Osores, Pedro Rau, Diego Rivera, and Francisco Balocchi. 2021. "Comparison of Three Daily Rainfall-Runoff Hydrological Models Using Four Evapotranspiration Models in Four Small Forested Watersheds with Different Land Cover in South-Central Chile" Water 13, no. 22: 3191. https://doi.org/10.3390/w13223191

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