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Article

The Holocene History of the Diatom Community in a Small Water Body on Shemya Island (Aleutian Arc, USA): The Influence of Global and Local Environmental Changes

1
A.N. Severtsov Institute of Ecology and Evolution of Russian Academy of Sciences, Leninsky Prospect 33, 119071 Moscow, Russia
2
Biological Faculty, Department of Mycology & Algology, M.V. Lomonosov Moscow State University, Leninskie Gory, 119991 Moscow, Russia
*
Author to whom correspondence should be addressed.
Academic Editor: Oscar Romero
Water 2021, 13(21), 3134; https://doi.org/10.3390/w13213134
Received: 7 October 2021 / Revised: 27 October 2021 / Accepted: 4 November 2021 / Published: 7 November 2021
(This article belongs to the Special Issue Species Richness and Diversity of Aquatic Ecosystems)
A diatom analysis of a peat deposit from Shemya Island (Aleutian Arc, USA) is performed, and the dynamics of the diatom community are described. According to the radiocarbon dating, the formation of the deposit began 9300 cal. years BP. Principal component analysis made it possible to relate the dynamics of the diatom community to certain environmental conditions and the factors that influenced the coastal ecosystems during its formation. The following factors (predictors) were considered: the influence of age, zoo- and anthropogenic effects, and changes in climatic conditions. Sea level change was the main driver of the diatom community in the studied water body having a continuous direct and indirect influence on the studied small water body, i.e., by bird colony formation and more humid and coastal conditions. Since 3000–2000 cal. years BP, the anthropogenic factor (hunting depression of the bird colony) also became significant. During the whole water body lifetime and following peat formation, the diatom community was influenced by groups of factors: global factors (e.g., sea level rise) caused gradual change of local factors, which resulted in smooth shifts in community. In contrast, local factor influence (bird colony rise and fall due to human activity) caused abrupt and transient shifts. We can hypothesize that the relatively stable global environmental conditions in the Late Holocene were an auspicious background to see abrupt changes due to influence of the zoogenic and anthropogenic factors. We believe that further works on the material from other islands will make it possible to form a general picture of changes in the diatom communities in the Holocene and interpret it in connection with climatic changes in the region. View Full-Text
Keywords: diatoms; diatom analysis; principal component analysis (PCA); climate reconstruction; Aleutian Islands; Shemya Island; Holocene diatoms; diatom analysis; principal component analysis (PCA); climate reconstruction; Aleutian Islands; Shemya Island; Holocene
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MDPI and ACS Style

Neplyukhina, A.A.; Tchabovsky, A.V.; Gololobova, M.A.; Smyshlyaeva, O.I.; Krylovich, O.A.; Savinetsky, A.B.; Kotov, A.A. The Holocene History of the Diatom Community in a Small Water Body on Shemya Island (Aleutian Arc, USA): The Influence of Global and Local Environmental Changes. Water 2021, 13, 3134. https://doi.org/10.3390/w13213134

AMA Style

Neplyukhina AA, Tchabovsky AV, Gololobova MA, Smyshlyaeva OI, Krylovich OA, Savinetsky AB, Kotov AA. The Holocene History of the Diatom Community in a Small Water Body on Shemya Island (Aleutian Arc, USA): The Influence of Global and Local Environmental Changes. Water. 2021; 13(21):3134. https://doi.org/10.3390/w13213134

Chicago/Turabian Style

Neplyukhina, Alisa A., Andrey V. Tchabovsky, Maria A. Gololobova, Olesya I. Smyshlyaeva, Olga A. Krylovich, Arkady B. Savinetsky, and Alexey A. Kotov. 2021. "The Holocene History of the Diatom Community in a Small Water Body on Shemya Island (Aleutian Arc, USA): The Influence of Global and Local Environmental Changes" Water 13, no. 21: 3134. https://doi.org/10.3390/w13213134

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