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Article

The Role of Forests in Climate Change Regarding Carbon, Nitrogen, and Water: A Case Study of Pinus densiflora

Department of Civil Engineering, Keimyung University, 1095 Dalgubeoldaero, Dalseo-gu, Daegu 42601, Korea
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Author to whom correspondence should be addressed.
Academic Editor: YongJiang Zhang
Water 2021, 13(21), 3050; https://doi.org/10.3390/w13213050
Received: 22 August 2021 / Revised: 22 October 2021 / Accepted: 29 October 2021 / Published: 1 November 2021
We examined the influence of climate change on the dynamics of Pinus densiflora, the most dominant tree species in South Korea, to explore its potential for climate change mitigation. We considered changes in precipitation, temperature, and CO2 under four representative concentration pathway (RCP) scenarios separately and in combination to evaluate the responses of Pinus densiflora to climate change. A well-tested ecohydrological and biogeochemical model, ecosys, was used to study the Gwangneung Experimental Forest in South Korea. Results showed that the positive effects of CO2 fertilizer on gross primary productivity (GPP) and net primary productivity (NPP) outweighed the negative effects caused by changes in precipitation and temperature. In particular, NPP improvements of 3.79%, 13.44%, 18.26%, and 28.91% were modeled under RCP values of 2.6, 4.5, 6.5, and 8.5, respectively, compared to the baseline. We found that nitrogen leaching and N2O flux reduced as climate change become severe due to increases in nutrient uptake, leading to reduced soil nitrogen losses. Although evapotranspiration increased as the intensity of climate change increased, reductions in the stomatal opening improved the water use efficiency of Pinus densiflora. These results indicated that Pinus densiflora could serve as an environmentally friendly option to minimize climate change consequences. View Full-Text
Keywords: Pinus densiflora; GPP; NPP; water use efficiency; CO2 fertilization Pinus densiflora; GPP; NPP; water use efficiency; CO2 fertilization
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MDPI and ACS Style

Woo, D.K.; Do, W. The Role of Forests in Climate Change Regarding Carbon, Nitrogen, and Water: A Case Study of Pinus densiflora. Water 2021, 13, 3050. https://doi.org/10.3390/w13213050

AMA Style

Woo DK, Do W. The Role of Forests in Climate Change Regarding Carbon, Nitrogen, and Water: A Case Study of Pinus densiflora. Water. 2021; 13(21):3050. https://doi.org/10.3390/w13213050

Chicago/Turabian Style

Woo, Dong Kook, and Wonseok Do. 2021. "The Role of Forests in Climate Change Regarding Carbon, Nitrogen, and Water: A Case Study of Pinus densiflora" Water 13, no. 21: 3050. https://doi.org/10.3390/w13213050

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