Next Article in Journal
Correction: Molina et al. Storm Energy Flux Characterization along the Mediterranean Coast of Andalusia (Spain). Water 2019, 11, 509
Next Article in Special Issue
Photo-Catalytic Remediation of Pesticides in Wastewater Using UV/TiO2
Previous Article in Journal
Correction: Ghurye et al. Thermal Desalination of Produced Water—An Analysis of the Partitioning of Constituents into Product Streams and Its Implications for Beneficial Use Outside the O&G Industry. Water 2021, 13, 1068
Previous Article in Special Issue
Sustainable Wastewater Management to Reduce Freshwater Contamination and Water Depletion in Mexico
 
 
Article

Operation and Performance of Austrian Wastewater and Sewage Sludge Treatment as a Basis for Resource Optimization

1
Research Unit of Water Quality Management, Institute for Water Quality and Resource Management, TU Wien, Karlsplatz 13/E226-1, 1040 Vienna, Austria
2
Research Unit of Waste and Resource Management, Institute for Water Quality and Resource Management, TU Wien, Karlsplatz 13/E226-1, 1040 Vienna, Austria
*
Author to whom correspondence should be addressed.
These authors contributed equally to this work.
Academic Editors: Martin Wagner and Sonja Bauer
Water 2021, 13(21), 2998; https://doi.org/10.3390/w13212998
Received: 30 September 2021 / Revised: 18 October 2021 / Accepted: 21 October 2021 / Published: 25 October 2021
Recent years came with a paradigm shift for wastewater treatment plants (WWTPs) to extend the sole purpose of contaminant removal to an additional function as resource recovery facilities. This shift is accompanied by the development of new European legislation towards better inclusion of resource recovery from wastewater. However, long operational lifespans and a multitude of treatment requirements demand thorough investigations into how resource recovery can be implemented sustainably. To aid the formulation of new legislation for phosphorus (P) recovery specifically, in 2017 we conducted a survey on Austrian WWTP-infrastructure, with a focus on P removal and sludge treatment, as well as disposal and sludge quality of all WWTPs above 2000 population equivalents (PE). Data were prepared for analysis, checked for completeness and cross-checked for plausibility. This study presents the major findings from this database and draws essential conclusions for the future recovery of P from wastewater. We see results from this study as useful to other countries, describing the current state of the art in Austria and potentially aiding in developing wastewater treatment and P recovery strategies. View Full-Text
Keywords: wastewater survey; phosphorus removal; phosphorus recovery; sludge stabilization; sludge disposal; sludge quality; sludge production wastewater survey; phosphorus removal; phosphorus recovery; sludge stabilization; sludge disposal; sludge quality; sludge production
Show Figures

Figure 1

MDPI and ACS Style

Amann, A.; Weber, N.; Krampe, J.; Rechberger, H.; Zoboli, O.; Zessner, M. Operation and Performance of Austrian Wastewater and Sewage Sludge Treatment as a Basis for Resource Optimization. Water 2021, 13, 2998. https://doi.org/10.3390/w13212998

AMA Style

Amann A, Weber N, Krampe J, Rechberger H, Zoboli O, Zessner M. Operation and Performance of Austrian Wastewater and Sewage Sludge Treatment as a Basis for Resource Optimization. Water. 2021; 13(21):2998. https://doi.org/10.3390/w13212998

Chicago/Turabian Style

Amann, Arabel, Nikolaus Weber, Jörg Krampe, Helmut Rechberger, Ottavia Zoboli, and Matthias Zessner. 2021. "Operation and Performance of Austrian Wastewater and Sewage Sludge Treatment as a Basis for Resource Optimization" Water 13, no. 21: 2998. https://doi.org/10.3390/w13212998

Find Other Styles
Note that from the first issue of 2016, MDPI journals use article numbers instead of page numbers. See further details here.

Article Access Map by Country/Region

1
Back to TopTop