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Article

Physics of Traveling Waves in Shallow Water Environment

1
Department of Marine Environment and Engineering, National Sun Yat-Sen University, Kaoshiung 804, Taiwan
2
Laboratory of Shelf and Sea Coasts, Shirshov Institute of Oceanology, Russian Academy of Sciences, 117997 Moscow, Russia
*
Author to whom correspondence should be addressed.
Water 2021, 13(21), 2990; https://doi.org/10.3390/w13212990
Received: 13 September 2021 / Revised: 18 October 2021 / Accepted: 21 October 2021 / Published: 22 October 2021
(This article belongs to the Section Oceans and Coastal Zones)
We present a study of the physical characteristics of traveling waves at shallow and intermediate water depths. The main subject of study is to the influence of nonlinearity on the dispersion properties of waves, their limiting heights and steepness, the shape of solitary waves, etc. A fully nonlinear Serre–Green–Naghdi-type model, a classical weakly nonlinear Boussinesq model and fifth-order Stokes wave solutions were chosen as models for comparison. The analysis showed significant, if not critical, differences in the effect of nonlinearity on the properties of traveling waves for these models. A comparison with experiments was carried out on the basis of the results of a joint Russian–Taiwanese experiment, which was carried out in 2015 at the Tainan Hydraulic Laboratory, and on available experimental data. A comparison with the experimental results confirms the applicability of a completely nonlinear model for calculating traveling waves over the entire range of applicability of the model in contrast to the Boussinesq model, which shows contradictory and unrealistic wave properties for moderate wavelengths. View Full-Text
Keywords: shallow water; traveling waves; nonlinear waves; Boussinesq model shallow water; traveling waves; nonlinear waves; Boussinesq model
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MDPI and ACS Style

Shugan, I.; Kuznetsov, S.; Saprykina, Y.; Chen, Y.-Y. Physics of Traveling Waves in Shallow Water Environment. Water 2021, 13, 2990. https://doi.org/10.3390/w13212990

AMA Style

Shugan I, Kuznetsov S, Saprykina Y, Chen Y-Y. Physics of Traveling Waves in Shallow Water Environment. Water. 2021; 13(21):2990. https://doi.org/10.3390/w13212990

Chicago/Turabian Style

Shugan, Igor, Sergey Kuznetsov, Yana Saprykina, and Yang-Yih Chen. 2021. "Physics of Traveling Waves in Shallow Water Environment" Water 13, no. 21: 2990. https://doi.org/10.3390/w13212990

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