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Analysis of Basin Morphologic Characteristics and Their Influence on the Water Yield of Mountain Watersheds Upstream of the Xiongan New Area, North China

Key Laboratory for Agricultural Water Resources, Hebei Key Laboratory for Agricultural Water-Saving, Center for Agricultural Resources Research, Institute of Genetics and Developmental Biology, Chinese Academy of Sciences, Shijiazhuang 050001, China
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Academic Editors: Yaning Chen, Bin He, Zhi Li, Gonghuan Fang, Weili Duan and Athanasios Loukas
Water 2021, 13(20), 2903; https://doi.org/10.3390/w13202903
Received: 12 August 2021 / Revised: 8 October 2021 / Accepted: 9 October 2021 / Published: 15 October 2021
(This article belongs to the Special Issue Advances in Studies on Ecohydrological Processes in the Arid Area)
In this study, based on the DEM, we extracted the drainage networks and watersheds of the Daqing River with ArcGIS, investigated the basin characteristics and the differences in their spatial distributions and analyzed the relations of the drainage density with some surface conditions and how the drainage density influenced the water yield. The results suggested a power function between the mainstream length and drainage area, showing that with the increase in basin area, the basins became longer. The result of the power function between the relief and drainage area with negative exponent values means the relief changed more slowly with increasing basin area. The values of the circularity ratio and elongation ratio indicate that the basin shape of the mountain watersheds in the Daqing River was narrow and predisposed to flooding during periods of heavy rainfall. The orders of the streams in the mountain watersheds ranged from five to seven. The average bifurcation ratio of those nine mountainous watersheds reveals the order of the u + 1 rivers in each basin of the Daqing River was on average 4 times larger than that of order u rivers. The drainage density (Dd) was high in the north and low in the south of the Daqing River. Rainfall was negatively correlated with drainage density, but the correlation between them was not significant at the 0.05 level. Drainages developed in places with poor vegetation cover. The drainages in the southwest, north and west developed considerably, while drainages in the east and southeast did not develop much. Yet, the available data showed the impact of the watershed area, elongation ratio and drainage density on the water yield was not significant. In contrast, there was a significant positive correlation between channel slope and the water yield modulus. The hypsometric integrals and the relation between drainage density and hypsometric integral suggest that the landform evolution of the mountain basins along the Daqing River were in the old stage with no further increase trend of drainage density in the future. View Full-Text
Keywords: Xiongan New Area; stream network; drainage density; water yield; mountain river Xiongan New Area; stream network; drainage density; water yield; mountain river
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MDPI and ACS Style

Yang, H.; Cao, J. Analysis of Basin Morphologic Characteristics and Their Influence on the Water Yield of Mountain Watersheds Upstream of the Xiongan New Area, North China. Water 2021, 13, 2903. https://doi.org/10.3390/w13202903

AMA Style

Yang H, Cao J. Analysis of Basin Morphologic Characteristics and Their Influence on the Water Yield of Mountain Watersheds Upstream of the Xiongan New Area, North China. Water. 2021; 13(20):2903. https://doi.org/10.3390/w13202903

Chicago/Turabian Style

Yang, Hui, and Jiansheng Cao. 2021. "Analysis of Basin Morphologic Characteristics and Their Influence on the Water Yield of Mountain Watersheds Upstream of the Xiongan New Area, North China" Water 13, no. 20: 2903. https://doi.org/10.3390/w13202903

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