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Article

Synthesis and Characterization of a Nano-Adsorbent Derivative Derived from Grape Seeds for Cadmium Ion Removal in an Aqueous Solution

1
Department of Biology, Faculty of Science, Universiti Putra Malaysia, Serdang 43400, Selangor, Malaysia
2
Department of Energy, Faculty of Engineer, Iraq University College, Basrah 61001, Iraq
*
Author to whom correspondence should be addressed.
Academic Editors: Antonio Zuorro and Laura Bulgariu
Water 2021, 13(20), 2896; https://doi.org/10.3390/w13202896
Received: 14 August 2021 / Revised: 24 September 2021 / Accepted: 27 September 2021 / Published: 15 October 2021
(This article belongs to the Section Soil and Water)
Grape seeds were utilized as a source for nanoparticle adsorbents. The objective of this work was to prepare a nano adsorbent from grape seeds (GS) and FeCl2. The physical and chemical properties of grape seed ferrous oxide nanoparticles (GS-IONPs) were investigated. Batch adsorption was used to investigate the adsorption of cadmium from industrial water with different initial concentrations, solution pH and contact time. The adsorption isotherm data for Cd(II) on GS-IONPs were fitted to the Langmuir, Freundlich, and Temkin isotherm models. The data fit the Langmuir model well, with a maximum cadmium uptake of 16.3 mg/g. It was found that %removal of cadmium decreased from 98.0% to 88.0% as the initial concentration increased. The results revealed that the prepared adsorbent was effective in Cd(II) removal. View Full-Text
Keywords: grape seeds; nanoparticles adsorbent; cadmium; adsorption; isotherm models grape seeds; nanoparticles adsorbent; cadmium; adsorption; isotherm models
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MDPI and ACS Style

Mohammed, A.J.; Ibrahim, M.H.; Zulkifli, S.Z.; Salman, J.M. Synthesis and Characterization of a Nano-Adsorbent Derivative Derived from Grape Seeds for Cadmium Ion Removal in an Aqueous Solution. Water 2021, 13, 2896. https://doi.org/10.3390/w13202896

AMA Style

Mohammed AJ, Ibrahim MH, Zulkifli SZ, Salman JM. Synthesis and Characterization of a Nano-Adsorbent Derivative Derived from Grape Seeds for Cadmium Ion Removal in an Aqueous Solution. Water. 2021; 13(20):2896. https://doi.org/10.3390/w13202896

Chicago/Turabian Style

Mohammed, Alaa J., Mohd H. Ibrahim, Syaizwan Z. Zulkifli, and Jasim M. Salman 2021. "Synthesis and Characterization of a Nano-Adsorbent Derivative Derived from Grape Seeds for Cadmium Ion Removal in an Aqueous Solution" Water 13, no. 20: 2896. https://doi.org/10.3390/w13202896

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