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Article

Impacts of Desalinated and Recycled Water in the Abu Dhabi Surficial Aquifer

1
Department of Physics and Earth Sciences, University of Ferrara, Via Saragat 1, 44122 Ferrara, Italy
2
Dicatech, Polytechnical University of Bari, Via Orabona 4, 70126 Bari, Italy
*
Author to whom correspondence should be addressed.
Academic Editor: Albert Casas Ponsati
Water 2021, 13(20), 2853; https://doi.org/10.3390/w13202853
Received: 3 September 2021 / Revised: 5 October 2021 / Accepted: 8 October 2021 / Published: 13 October 2021
(This article belongs to the Special Issue Groundwater Management in a Changing World: Challenges and Endeavors)
In Abu Dhabi, one of the most arid regions in the world, in recent decades, desalinated water has been identified as a prime solution in solving the water demand issues. In this study, a three-dimensional coupled density-dependent flow and solute transport model was set up in order to study the effect of the artificial recharge using desalinated water and the influence of nonconventional water with a salt concentration in the range 0.1–2 g/L The results confirm that this region demands the adoption of a more rational use of irrigation water or additional usage of desalinated water and recycled water together with optimizing groundwater pumping at locations that are vulnerable to further quality degradation and depletion. The long-term storage of desalinated freshwater with a maximum radial distance of 653 m in the dune surface is ensured with the formation of the transition zone, and change in the groundwater head up to 5 km. The maximum recovery obtained by immediate recovery is 70%. The study expresses the long-term feasibility of desalinated freshwater storage and the need for further management practices in quantifying the contribution of desalinated and recycled water for agriculture activities which might have improved groundwater quality and increased hydraulic head at some locations. View Full-Text
Keywords: desalinated water; recycled water; agriculture activities; aquifer storage and recovery (ASR); Abu Dhabi desalinated water; recycled water; agriculture activities; aquifer storage and recovery (ASR); Abu Dhabi
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MDPI and ACS Style

Sathish, S.; Cherubini, C.; Pastore, N.; Giasi, C.I.; Rapti, D. Impacts of Desalinated and Recycled Water in the Abu Dhabi Surficial Aquifer. Water 2021, 13, 2853. https://doi.org/10.3390/w13202853

AMA Style

Sathish S, Cherubini C, Pastore N, Giasi CI, Rapti D. Impacts of Desalinated and Recycled Water in the Abu Dhabi Surficial Aquifer. Water. 2021; 13(20):2853. https://doi.org/10.3390/w13202853

Chicago/Turabian Style

Sathish, Sadhasivam, Claudia Cherubini, Nicola Pastore, Concetta I. Giasi, and Dimitra Rapti. 2021. "Impacts of Desalinated and Recycled Water in the Abu Dhabi Surficial Aquifer" Water 13, no. 20: 2853. https://doi.org/10.3390/w13202853

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