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Open AccessReview

The Status of Arsenic Pollution in the Greek and Cyprus Environment: An Overview

1
Department of Financial & Management Engineering, School of Engineering, University of the Aegean, Kountourioti 41, GR-82132 Chios, Greece
2
Department of Geology, University of Patras, GR-26504 Patras, Greece
3
Department of Civil Engineering, Laboratory of Geoenvironmental Science and Environmental Quality Assurance, University of West Attica, 250 Thivon & P. Ralli Str, GR-12244 Athens, Greece
*
Author to whom correspondence should be addressed.
Water 2021, 13(2), 224; https://doi.org/10.3390/w13020224
Received: 14 December 2020 / Revised: 6 January 2021 / Accepted: 13 January 2021 / Published: 18 January 2021
This study presents an overview about the arsenic (As) contamination and its sources in two European countries. Arsenic is a highly toxic element in its inorganic form and it is carcinogenic to human seven in low concentrations. The occurrence of As in surface water, stream and marine waters, groundwater, bottled water, sediment, soil, mines, and seafood, its environmental origin, and its impacts on human health are discussed. The classes of Geoaccumulation Index for As in Greece ranges from practically uncontaminated to extremely contaminated, and in Cyprus varies between practically uncontaminated and heavily contaminated. In many cases, the As contamination reaches very high concentrations and the impacts may be crucial for the human health and ecosystems. Physicochemical properties, regional climate and geological setting are controlling the occurrence and transport of As. In Greece and Cyprus, the geology, lithology, and ore-deposits are the most important factors for the variation of As contents in water, soil, and sediment. The dominant As species are also determined by the location and the redox conditions. The findings of this paper may be useful for scientists and stakeholders monitoring the studied areas and applying measures for protection of the human and terrestrial ecological receptors (plants, avian, mammals). View Full-Text
Keywords: Arsenic; health effects; accumulation; transportation; sources; removal; Greece; Cyprus Arsenic; health effects; accumulation; transportation; sources; removal; Greece; Cyprus
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MDPI and ACS Style

Golfinopoulos, S.K.; Varnavas, S.P.; Alexakis, D.E. The Status of Arsenic Pollution in the Greek and Cyprus Environment: An Overview. Water 2021, 13, 224. https://doi.org/10.3390/w13020224

AMA Style

Golfinopoulos SK, Varnavas SP, Alexakis DE. The Status of Arsenic Pollution in the Greek and Cyprus Environment: An Overview. Water. 2021; 13(2):224. https://doi.org/10.3390/w13020224

Chicago/Turabian Style

Golfinopoulos, Spyros K.; Varnavas, Soterios P.; Alexakis, Dimitrios E. 2021. "The Status of Arsenic Pollution in the Greek and Cyprus Environment: An Overview" Water 13, no. 2: 224. https://doi.org/10.3390/w13020224

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