Next Article in Journal
Effectiveness of Permeable Reactive Bio-Barriers for Bioremediation of an Organohalide-Polluted Aquifer by Natural-Occurring Microbial Community
Previous Article in Journal
Inland and Coastal Bathing Water Quality in the Last Decade (2011–2020): Croatia vs. Region vs. EU
Article

The Role of Modification of the Structure of Water and Water-Containing Systems in Changing Their Biological, Therapeutic, and Other Properties Overview

1
Nove Tehnologije d.o.o, Legatova ul. 2, 1000 Ljubljana, Slovenia
2
Fakultete Za Gradbeništvo in Geodezijo Univerze v Ljubljani, Hajdrihova 28, 1000 Ljubljana, Slovenia
3
Department of Physics, Chemistry and Theoretical Mechanics, Tomsk State University of Architecture and Building, Solyanaya Sq., 2, 634003 Tomsk, Russia
4
Zuev Institute of Atmospheric Optics SB RAS, Academician Zuev Square, 1, 634055 Tomsk, Russia
*
Author to whom correspondence should be addressed.
Academic Editor: Panagiotis Karanis
Water 2021, 13(17), 2441; https://doi.org/10.3390/w13172441
Received: 7 July 2021 / Revised: 25 August 2021 / Accepted: 30 August 2021 / Published: 5 September 2021
(This article belongs to the Topic Emerging Solutions for Water, Sanitation and Hygiene)
Based on published research on modifying the structure of water and water-containing systems, we assess external influence methods: temperature, magnetic field, light radiation, and their combination. We evaluate changes in the electrophysical, photo- and pH-metric biological, therapeutic, and other properties of water systems using non-destructive electrophysical research methods, i.e., thermometry, pH, laser interference, dynamic light scattering, microelectrophoresis, conductivity, surface tension, dielectric constant, polarimetric measurements, atomic force microscopy, and UV and EPR spectroscopy. The effects of temperature or magnetic field lead to a change in the content and size of water clusters, and physicochemical, biological, therapeutic, and other changes in the properties of water and water-containing systems. The combined effect of a magnetic field and curative mud and the impact of magnetised mineral water have a more pronounced therapeutic effect than only mineral water or curative mud. The data presented indirectly indicate structural changes in water and water-containing systems. We conclude that the primary mechanism of action of a magnetic field, light, or a combination of these factors on water and water-containing systems, including mineral water and therapeutic mud, is a change in the structure of water. View Full-Text
Keywords: light; magnetic field; temperature; water structure; mineral water; therapeutic mud light; magnetic field; temperature; water structure; mineral water; therapeutic mud
Show Figures

Figure 1

MDPI and ACS Style

Sidorenko, G.; Brilly, M.; Laptev, B.; Gorlenko, N.; Antoshkin, L.; Vidmar, A.; Kryžanowski, A. The Role of Modification of the Structure of Water and Water-Containing Systems in Changing Their Biological, Therapeutic, and Other Properties Overview. Water 2021, 13, 2441. https://doi.org/10.3390/w13172441

AMA Style

Sidorenko G, Brilly M, Laptev B, Gorlenko N, Antoshkin L, Vidmar A, Kryžanowski A. The Role of Modification of the Structure of Water and Water-Containing Systems in Changing Their Biological, Therapeutic, and Other Properties Overview. Water. 2021; 13(17):2441. https://doi.org/10.3390/w13172441

Chicago/Turabian Style

Sidorenko, Galina, Mitja Brilly, Boris Laptev, Nikolay Gorlenko, Leonid Antoshkin, Andrej Vidmar, and Andrej Kryžanowski. 2021. "The Role of Modification of the Structure of Water and Water-Containing Systems in Changing Their Biological, Therapeutic, and Other Properties Overview" Water 13, no. 17: 2441. https://doi.org/10.3390/w13172441

Find Other Styles
Note that from the first issue of 2016, MDPI journals use article numbers instead of page numbers. See further details here.

Article Access Map by Country/Region

1
Back to TopTop