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Article

Laying the Groundwork for Raising Awareness on Water Related Issues with a Socio-Hydrogeological Approach: The Inle Lake Case Study (Southern Shan State, Myanmar)

1
Earth Sciences Department, University of Pisa, Via Santa Maria 53, 56126 Pisa, Italy
2
Department of Physics, University of Mandalay, 73 Street, Mandalay 05032, Myanmar
3
Independent Researcher, 34151 Trieste, Italy
4
Yezin Agricultural University, Yezin, Zayarthiri Township, Nay Pyi Taw 15013, Myanmar
5
Department of Earth Sciences, University of Turin, Via Valperga Caluso 35, 10125 Turin, Italy
6
Department of Earth and Environmental Sciences, University of Pavia, Via Ferrata 1, 27100 Pavia, Italy
*
Author to whom correspondence should be addressed.
Retired.
Academic Editor: Fernando António Leal Pacheco
Water 2021, 13(17), 2434; https://doi.org/10.3390/w13172434
Received: 5 August 2021 / Revised: 31 August 2021 / Accepted: 1 September 2021 / Published: 4 September 2021
Translating scientific findings into concrete action for (ground)water protection should be fundamental component of any hydrogeological and hydrogeochemical assessment, thus ensuring that scientific outcomes have a positive impact in the real world. To this purpose, understanding the water-related issues and the perceived criticalities by the water users is an asset, especially for earth scientists who are often the first contact with local communities during in situ measurements. By presenting the results of a socio-hydrogeological assessment in the Inle Lake area, this paper aims at demonstrating the feasibility and added value of this approach. In conjunction with groundwater sampling, public engagement activities were conducted by administering semi-structured interviews at a household level in each monitoring site. Hydrogeochemical data show that groundwater is characterized by an elevated hardness and by the presence of trace metals in solution due to the low redox potential. The work provides suggestions on how to translate the hydrogeochemical information associated to (i) the impact of climate change on water supply and availability, and (ii) the presence of geogenic groundwater contamination (Fe, Mn, As) into accessible information for local communities and water users’ associations. Sharing knowledge and promoting capacity building would also help to assess the reasons for the discrepancy between self-reported perception of groundwater quality (e.g., hardness) and analytical results. View Full-Text
Keywords: socio-hydrogeology; public engagement; water quality; groundwater; hydrogeochemistry; trace metals; water hardness socio-hydrogeology; public engagement; water quality; groundwater; hydrogeochemistry; trace metals; water hardness
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MDPI and ACS Style

Re, V.; Thin, M.M.; Tringali, C.; Mya, M.; Destefanis, E.; Sacchi, E. Laying the Groundwork for Raising Awareness on Water Related Issues with a Socio-Hydrogeological Approach: The Inle Lake Case Study (Southern Shan State, Myanmar). Water 2021, 13, 2434. https://doi.org/10.3390/w13172434

AMA Style

Re V, Thin MM, Tringali C, Mya M, Destefanis E, Sacchi E. Laying the Groundwork for Raising Awareness on Water Related Issues with a Socio-Hydrogeological Approach: The Inle Lake Case Study (Southern Shan State, Myanmar). Water. 2021; 13(17):2434. https://doi.org/10.3390/w13172434

Chicago/Turabian Style

Re, Viviana, Myat M. Thin, Chiara Tringali, Mya Mya, Enrico Destefanis, and Elisa Sacchi. 2021. "Laying the Groundwork for Raising Awareness on Water Related Issues with a Socio-Hydrogeological Approach: The Inle Lake Case Study (Southern Shan State, Myanmar)" Water 13, no. 17: 2434. https://doi.org/10.3390/w13172434

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