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Article

Analysis and Model of River Basin Sustainable Management by SWOT and AHP Methods

1
Faculty of Mining, Ecology, Institute of Earth Resources, Process Control and Geotechnologies, Technical University of Košice, Letná 9, 042 00 Košice, Slovakia
2
Energy Cluster of Prešov Region, Levočská 12, 080 01 Prešov, Slovakia
*
Author to whom correspondence should be addressed.
Academic Editor: Dimitrios E. Alexakis
Water 2021, 13(17), 2427; https://doi.org/10.3390/w13172427
Received: 5 August 2021 / Revised: 28 August 2021 / Accepted: 31 August 2021 / Published: 3 September 2021
The sustainable management of river basins is a comprehensive problem involving not only environmental quality but also socio-economic aspects. The primary objective of the study is to propose a sustainable management model of a river basin based on a clear identification of the good water quality in the river basin applicable for any river basin. The proposal is based on a monitoring of the quality of surface water in the basin, a quantitative and qualitative analysis of pollution, a questionnaire survey on the sewer systems and wastewater treatment in the basin and the diffuse sources of water pollution. For a better outline, a case study of Hornád river basin, Slovakia, was carried out. Two methodologies were applied: SWOT analysis for identification of indicators and the priorities and AHP analysis for a prioritization of the decisions. These analyses can be carried out for any activity based on identification of indicators and the priorities of the defined indicators to promote sustainable development. Based on the findings and the results of the analyses the model for managing the development of surface water quality in the basin was proposed. Generally applicable principles of sustainable development, accepting legislation in the field of water management, considering the quality of surface water in the basin, the impacts of wastewater discharges into the recipient, the identification and evaluation of positive and negative aspects of surface water quality, and the implementation of the proposed measures and post-implementation monitoring of qualitative development were covered in and by the proposed model. View Full-Text
Keywords: river basin; SWOT; AHP; sustainable management river basin; SWOT; AHP; sustainable management
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MDPI and ACS Style

Bakalár, T.; Pavolová, H.; Tokarčík, A. Analysis and Model of River Basin Sustainable Management by SWOT and AHP Methods. Water 2021, 13, 2427. https://doi.org/10.3390/w13172427

AMA Style

Bakalár T, Pavolová H, Tokarčík A. Analysis and Model of River Basin Sustainable Management by SWOT and AHP Methods. Water. 2021; 13(17):2427. https://doi.org/10.3390/w13172427

Chicago/Turabian Style

Bakalár, Tomáš, Henrieta Pavolová, and Alexander Tokarčík. 2021. "Analysis and Model of River Basin Sustainable Management by SWOT and AHP Methods" Water 13, no. 17: 2427. https://doi.org/10.3390/w13172427

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