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Article

Hydrochemical Characteristics and Evolution of Groundwater in the Alluvial Plain (Anqing Section) of the Lower Yangtze River Basin: Multivariate Statistical and Inversion Model Analyses

1
Institute of Water Resources and Environment, Jilin University, Changchun 130012, China
2
College of Construction Engineering, Jilin University, Changchun 130021, China
3
Hebei Provincial Prospecting Institute of Hydrogeology and Engineering Geology, Shijiazhuang 050021, China
4
Nanjing Geological Survey, China Geological Survey, Nanjing 210016, China
*
Author to whom correspondence should be addressed.
Academic Editors: Yuanzheng Zhai, Jin Wu and Huaqing Wang
Water 2021, 13(17), 2403; https://doi.org/10.3390/w13172403
Received: 15 July 2021 / Revised: 27 August 2021 / Accepted: 28 August 2021 / Published: 31 August 2021
(This article belongs to the Special Issue River Ecological Restoration and Groundwater Artificial Recharge)
The alluvial plain (Anqing section) of the lower reaches of the Yangtze River basin is facing increasing groundwater pollution, not only threatening the safety of drinking water for local residents and the sustainable development and utilization of groundwater resources but also the ecological security of the Yangtze River Basin. Therefore, it is necessary to conduct a preliminary analysis on the hydrochemical characteristics and evolution law of groundwater in this area. This study aimed to evaluate potential hydrogeochemical processes affecting the groundwater quality of this area by analyzing major ions in groundwater samples collected in 2019. Compositional relationships were determined to assess the origin of solutes and confirm the predominant hydrogeochemical processes controlling various ions in groundwater. Moreover, factors influencing groundwater quality were evaluated through the factor analysis method, and the control range of each influencing factor was analyzed using the distribution characteristics of factor scores. Finally, reverse hydrogeochemical simulation was carried out on typical profiles to quantitatively analyze the hydrochemical evolution process along flow paths. The Piper trilinear diagram revealed two prevalent hydrochemical facies, Ca-HCO3 type (phreatic water) and Ca-Na-HCO3 type (confined water) water. Based on the compositional relationships, the ions could be attributed to leaching (dissolution of rock salt, carbonate, and sulfate), evaporation and condensation, and cation exchange. Four influencing factors of phreatic water and confined water were extracted. The results of this study are expected to help understand the hydrochemical characteristics and evolution law of groundwater in the alluvial plain (Anqing section) of the lower Yangtze River basin for effective management and utilization of groundwater resources, and provide basic support for the ecological restoration of the Yangtze River Basin. View Full-Text
Keywords: hydrogeochemistry; ionic ratios; factor analysis; inverse modeling; Yangtze River hydrogeochemistry; ionic ratios; factor analysis; inverse modeling; Yangtze River
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MDPI and ACS Style

Che, Q.; Su, X.; Wang, S.; Zheng, S.; Li, Y. Hydrochemical Characteristics and Evolution of Groundwater in the Alluvial Plain (Anqing Section) of the Lower Yangtze River Basin: Multivariate Statistical and Inversion Model Analyses. Water 2021, 13, 2403. https://doi.org/10.3390/w13172403

AMA Style

Che Q, Su X, Wang S, Zheng S, Li Y. Hydrochemical Characteristics and Evolution of Groundwater in the Alluvial Plain (Anqing Section) of the Lower Yangtze River Basin: Multivariate Statistical and Inversion Model Analyses. Water. 2021; 13(17):2403. https://doi.org/10.3390/w13172403

Chicago/Turabian Style

Che, Qiaohui, Xiaosi Su, Shixiong Wang, Shida Zheng, and Yunfeng Li. 2021. "Hydrochemical Characteristics and Evolution of Groundwater in the Alluvial Plain (Anqing Section) of the Lower Yangtze River Basin: Multivariate Statistical and Inversion Model Analyses" Water 13, no. 17: 2403. https://doi.org/10.3390/w13172403

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