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Article

An Integrated Aquifer Management Approach for Aridification-Affected Agricultural Area, Shengeldy-Kazakhstan

1
Department of Chemical Engineering, The Eastern R&D Center, Ariel University, Ariel 4077625, Israel
2
Institute of Oil and Gas Geology, Satbayev University, Almaty 050013, Kazakhstan
3
Zonal Hydrogeological-Ameliorative Center of the Ministry of Agriculture, Almaty 050018, Kazakhstan
*
Author to whom correspondence should be addressed.
Academic Editor: Vito Cantore
Water 2021, 13(17), 2357; https://doi.org/10.3390/w13172357
Received: 24 July 2021 / Revised: 20 August 2021 / Accepted: 25 August 2021 / Published: 27 August 2021
Ongoing water-resource depletion is a common trend in southeastern Kazakhstan and in most of Central Asia, making the use of drainage water for freshwater preservation and groundwater recharge a key strategy for sustainable agriculture. Since the Ily River inflow began to decrease, groundwater levels in the Shengeldy study area site have fallen below the drainage pipes. As such, our main research hypothesis was that owing to drainage infiltration, the regional shallow aquifer can be used as an effective additional water source for moistening crop root systems during the irrigation period. The MODFLOW groundwater flow model was used to simulate and quantitatively assess the combined hydrogeological and irrigation conditions of artificial groundwater recharge both from the subsurface drainage and as an additional source for irrigation. The field study showed that the additional groundwater table elevation will reach approximately 1.5 m under the field drainage system and that the additional groundwater recharge influence zone will develop up to 300–350 m from the drains. The MODFLOW simulation together with full-scale experimental studies suggests that under certain conditions drainage water can be applied both as an additional source of irrigation and for aquifer sustainable maintenance. View Full-Text
Keywords: numerical modeling; Kazakhstan; capillary rise; climate change; transboundary water resources numerical modeling; Kazakhstan; capillary rise; climate change; transboundary water resources
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MDPI and ACS Style

Mirlas, V.; Makyzhanova, A.; Kulagin, V.; Kuldeev, E.; Anker, Y. An Integrated Aquifer Management Approach for Aridification-Affected Agricultural Area, Shengeldy-Kazakhstan. Water 2021, 13, 2357. https://doi.org/10.3390/w13172357

AMA Style

Mirlas V, Makyzhanova A, Kulagin V, Kuldeev E, Anker Y. An Integrated Aquifer Management Approach for Aridification-Affected Agricultural Area, Shengeldy-Kazakhstan. Water. 2021; 13(17):2357. https://doi.org/10.3390/w13172357

Chicago/Turabian Style

Mirlas, Vladimir, Assyl Makyzhanova, Vitaly Kulagin, Erghan Kuldeev, and Yaakov Anker. 2021. "An Integrated Aquifer Management Approach for Aridification-Affected Agricultural Area, Shengeldy-Kazakhstan" Water 13, no. 17: 2357. https://doi.org/10.3390/w13172357

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