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Flood Disaster Risk Perception and Urban Households’ Flood Disaster Preparedness: The Case of Accra Metropolis in Ghana

1
College of Management, Sichuan Agricultural University, Chengdu 611130, China
2
Sichuan Center for Rural Development Research, College of Management of Sichuan Agricultural University, Chengdu 611130, China
*
Author to whom correspondence should be addressed.
Academic Editors: Lu Zhuo and Dawei Han
Water 2021, 13(17), 2328; https://doi.org/10.3390/w13172328
Received: 30 June 2021 / Revised: 20 August 2021 / Accepted: 24 August 2021 / Published: 25 August 2021
(This article belongs to the Special Issue Sustainable Development and Disaster Risk Reduction)
Flood disaster has gained global attention due to the huge impact it has on human lives, economies, and sustainable environments. Flood disaster preparedness, which can significantly be influenced by disaster risk perception, has been highlighted as an effective way to manage flood disaster risk, as many other means have proved futile, yet no study has attempted using multiple dimensions to analyze this relationship in Ghana. Therefore, this study, using a survey of 369 households in the most flood-prone region, Accra Metropolis, analyzed the influence of flood disaster risk perception on urban households’ flood disaster preparedness. Based on the Protective Action Decision Model, the empirical models were constructed and estimated using the Tobit and binary logistic regression models. The results show that the majority of households (60.16%) were unprepared for flood disasters, and the perception of flood disaster risk and the sustainability risk posed by floods significantly affect flood disaster preparedness behaviours of households in a positive direction. The total number of flood disaster preparedness behaviours adopted was significantly related to probability, the threat to lives, sense of worry, and sustainability risk perceptions. Finally, income, education, and house ownership, among other household and individual characteristics, had significant positive effects on preparations for flood disasters. These findings suggest that effective policies to mitigate flood disasters must incorporate risk communication to boost households’ flood disaster preparedness. View Full-Text
Keywords: disaster preparedness; flood risk perception; natural disaster; flood; sustainability; flood disaster management disaster preparedness; flood risk perception; natural disaster; flood; sustainability; flood disaster management
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MDPI and ACS Style

Yin, Q.; Ntim-Amo, G.; Ran, R.; Xu, D.; Ansah, S.; Hu, J.; Tang, H. Flood Disaster Risk Perception and Urban Households’ Flood Disaster Preparedness: The Case of Accra Metropolis in Ghana. Water 2021, 13, 2328. https://doi.org/10.3390/w13172328

AMA Style

Yin Q, Ntim-Amo G, Ran R, Xu D, Ansah S, Hu J, Tang H. Flood Disaster Risk Perception and Urban Households’ Flood Disaster Preparedness: The Case of Accra Metropolis in Ghana. Water. 2021; 13(17):2328. https://doi.org/10.3390/w13172328

Chicago/Turabian Style

Yin, Qi, Gideon Ntim-Amo, Ruiping Ran, Dingde Xu, Stephen Ansah, Jinfu Hu, and Hong Tang. 2021. "Flood Disaster Risk Perception and Urban Households’ Flood Disaster Preparedness: The Case of Accra Metropolis in Ghana" Water 13, no. 17: 2328. https://doi.org/10.3390/w13172328

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