Once the flood overtopping accident of a reinforced tailings dam occurs, it will cause great property losses and serious environmental pollution to the downstream residents. In order to further study the microscopic characteristics of the hydraulic erosion of reinforced tailings dams, considering that the beginning of reinforced tailings particles is the basis of flooding and erosion of reinforced tailings dams, in this paper, a reinforced tailings hydraulic erosion facility was used to carry out the tailings particle start-up test with reinforcement spacing of 5.0, 2.5, 1.7, 1.3, and 1.0 cm, and the influence the law of critical incipient velocity of tailings particles with different reinforcement spacing was revealed. The test results show that, the smaller the reinforcement spacing, the larger the incipient velocity of the reinforced tailings sample. Based on the sediment incipient motion theory, it is assumed that the resistance direction of particle incipient motion is opposite to the particle motion direction. A reinforcement coefficient is introduced to establish the incipient velocity formula of reinforced tailings particles. This model can provide theoretical support for the study of the hydraulic erosion rate of a reinforced tailings dam.
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