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Social Hydrological Analysis for Poverty Reduction in Community-Managed Water Resources Systems in Cambodia

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Stockholm Environment Institute, U.S. Center, 11 Curtis Avenue, Somerville, MA 02144-1224, USA
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Merrimack River Watershed Council, 60 Island St #246, Lawrence, MA 01840, USA
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Independent Researcher, La Paz 2826, Bolivia
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Independent Researcher, Davis, CA 95616, USA
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Stockholm Environment Institute, Asia Center in Thailand, 10th Floor, Kasem Uttayanin Building, 254 Chulalongkorn University, Henri Dunant Road, Pathumwan, Bangkok 10330, Thailand
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The Asia Foundation, House No. 59 Oknha Peich (St 242), Phnom Penh 12101, Cambodia
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The Asia Foundation, 465 California St., 9th Floor, San Francisco, CA 94104-1804, USA
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Queen’s University, 9 University Ave, Kingston, ON K7L 3N6, Canada
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Author to whom correspondence should be addressed.
Academic Editor: Marco Franchini
Water 2021, 13(13), 1848; https://doi.org/10.3390/w13131848
Received: 26 April 2021 / Revised: 3 June 2021 / Accepted: 25 June 2021 / Published: 2 July 2021
(This article belongs to the Section Water Resources Management, Policy and Governance)
Achieving sustainable water resources management objectives can work in tandem with poverty reduction efforts. This study evidenced the strong social hydrological linkages that exist in Cambodia, which allowed for presenting a broader understanding of water resources challenges to better formulate and connect policies at the local and national levels. Models are often not developed with household- or community-level input, but rather with national- or coarse-level datasets. The method used in this study consisted of linking qualitative and quantitative social analysis with a previously developed technical water planning model. The results from the social inequalities analysis were examined for three water use types: domestic, rice production, and fishing in three parts of the watershed, namely, upstream, midstream, and downstream. Knowledge generated from the social analysis was used to refine previous water planning modeling. The model results indicate that without household data to consider social inequalities, the technical analysis for the Stung Chinit watershed was largely underrepresenting the shortages in irrigation supply seen by groups in the most downstream sections of the irrigation system. Without adding social considerations into the model, new policies or water infrastructure development suggested by the model could reinforce existing inequalities. View Full-Text
Keywords: water; inequality; poverty; IWRM; gender; rice; fishing; social–hydrological; environment; community water; inequality; poverty; IWRM; gender; rice; fishing; social–hydrological; environment; community
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MDPI and ACS Style

Forni, L.; Bresney, S.; Espinoza, S.; Lavado, A.; Mautner, M.R.; Yi-Chen Han, J.; Nguyen, H.; Sreyphea, C.; Uniacke, P.; Villarroel, L.; Lindberg, M.; Resurrección, B.P.; Huber-Lee, A. Social Hydrological Analysis for Poverty Reduction in Community-Managed Water Resources Systems in Cambodia. Water 2021, 13, 1848. https://doi.org/10.3390/w13131848

AMA Style

Forni L, Bresney S, Espinoza S, Lavado A, Mautner MR, Yi-Chen Han J, Nguyen H, Sreyphea C, Uniacke P, Villarroel L, Lindberg M, Resurrección BP, Huber-Lee A. Social Hydrological Analysis for Poverty Reduction in Community-Managed Water Resources Systems in Cambodia. Water. 2021; 13(13):1848. https://doi.org/10.3390/w13131848

Chicago/Turabian Style

Forni, Laura, Susan Bresney, Sophia Espinoza, Angela Lavado, Marina R. Mautner, Jenny Yi-Chen Han, Ha Nguyen, Chap Sreyphea, Paula Uniacke, Luis Villarroel, Meloney Lindberg, Bernadette P. Resurrección, and Annette Huber-Lee. 2021. "Social Hydrological Analysis for Poverty Reduction in Community-Managed Water Resources Systems in Cambodia" Water 13, no. 13: 1848. https://doi.org/10.3390/w13131848

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