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Current Progress on Marine Microplastics Pollution Research: A Review on Pollution Occurrence, Detection, and Environmental Effects

Institute of Marine Science and Technology, Shandong University, Qingdao 266237, China
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Academic Editors: Ines Martins, Irene Martins and Joana Raimundo
Water 2021, 13(12), 1713; https://doi.org/10.3390/w13121713
Received: 9 May 2021 / Revised: 13 June 2021 / Accepted: 16 June 2021 / Published: 21 June 2021
(This article belongs to the Special Issue Microplastics Pollution in Marine Environment)
Recently, microplastics pollution has attracted much attention in the environmental field, as researchers have found traces of microplastics in both marine and terrestrial ecological environments. Here, we reviewed and discussed the current progress on microplastics pollution in the marine environment from three main aspects including their identification and qualification methods, source and distribution, and fate and toxicity in a marine ecosystem. Microplastics in the marine environment originate from a variety of sources and distribute broadly all around the world, but their quantitative information is still lacking. Up to now, there have been no adequate and standard methods to identify and quantify the various types of microplastics, which need to be developed and unified. The fate of microplastics in the environment is particularly important as they may be transferred or accumulated in the biological chain. Meanwhile, microplastics may have a high adsorption capacity to pollutants, which is the basic research to further study their fate and joint toxicity in the environment. Therefore, all the findings are expected to fill the knowledge gaps in microplastics pollution and promote the development of relative regulations. View Full-Text
Keywords: microplastics; marine environment; contaminants; toxicity; adsorption microplastics; marine environment; contaminants; toxicity; adsorption
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MDPI and ACS Style

Liu, F.-F.; Wang, S.-C.; Zhu, Z.-L.; Liu, G.-Z. Current Progress on Marine Microplastics Pollution Research: A Review on Pollution Occurrence, Detection, and Environmental Effects. Water 2021, 13, 1713. https://doi.org/10.3390/w13121713

AMA Style

Liu F-F, Wang S-C, Zhu Z-L, Liu G-Z. Current Progress on Marine Microplastics Pollution Research: A Review on Pollution Occurrence, Detection, and Environmental Effects. Water. 2021; 13(12):1713. https://doi.org/10.3390/w13121713

Chicago/Turabian Style

Liu, Fei-Fei, Su-Chun Wang, Zhi-Lin Zhu, and Guang-Zhou Liu. 2021. "Current Progress on Marine Microplastics Pollution Research: A Review on Pollution Occurrence, Detection, and Environmental Effects" Water 13, no. 12: 1713. https://doi.org/10.3390/w13121713

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