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Article

Development and Application of a SWMM-Based Simulation Model for Municipal Scale Hydrologic Assessments

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One Water Solution Institute (OWSI), Civil and Environmental Engineering, Walter Scott, Jr. College of Engineering, Colorado State University, Fort Collins, CO 80523, USA
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Remington and Vernick Engineers, 3 Jocama Blvd Suite 300-400, Old Bridge, NJ 08857, USA
*
Author to whom correspondence should be addressed.
Academic Editors: Fabrice Rodriguez and Jorge Gironás
Water 2021, 13(12), 1644; https://doi.org/10.3390/w13121644
Received: 27 April 2021 / Revised: 31 May 2021 / Accepted: 3 June 2021 / Published: 11 June 2021
(This article belongs to the Special Issue Hydrological Modeling in Urban Water Management)
There is growing interest for the installation of green stormwater infrastructure (GSI) to improve stormwater control, increase infiltration of stormwater, and improve receiving water body quality. Planning level tools are needed to inform municipal scale decisions on the type and extent of GSI to apply. Here, a modified methodology is developed for the EPA Storm Water Management Model (SWMM) to create SWMM for Low Impact Technology Evaluation (SWWM-LITE) that enables municipal scale assessment of stormwater control measure (SCM) performance with minimal input data requirements and low processing time. Hydrologic outputs of SWMM-LITE are compared to those for SWMM and the National Stormwater Calculator (SWC) to assess the performance of SWMM-LITE. Three scenarios including the baseline without SCMs and the installation of varying SCMs were investigated. Across the three scenarios, SWMM-LITE estimates of annual average hydrologic performance (runoff, infiltration, and evaporation) were within +/−0.1% of estimates from a rigorously developed SWMM model in the City of Fort Collins, CO, for an evaluation of 30 years of continuous simulation. Analysis conducted for 2 year (y), 10 y, and 100 y storm events showed less than +/−2.5% difference between SWMM and SWMM-LITE hydrologic outputs. SWC provided reasonable estimates of hydrologic parameters for the case study area, but was designed for site level analyses of performance of SCMs rather than on the municipal scale. A sensitivity analysis revealed that the most sensitive parameters were primarily consistent for the SWMM-LITE and the complete SWMM. SWMM-LITE has low input data requirements and processing time and can be applied for assessing the hydrologic performance of SCMs to inform planning level decisions. View Full-Text
Keywords: stormwater model; sensitivity and uncertainty; stormwater control measure; green stormwater infrastructure; sustainable drainage systems; low impact development; EPA SWMM; municipal scale stormwater model; sensitivity and uncertainty; stormwater control measure; green stormwater infrastructure; sustainable drainage systems; low impact development; EPA SWMM; municipal scale
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MDPI and ACS Style

Dell, T.; Razzaghmanesh, M.; Sharvelle, S.; Arabi, M. Development and Application of a SWMM-Based Simulation Model for Municipal Scale Hydrologic Assessments. Water 2021, 13, 1644. https://doi.org/10.3390/w13121644

AMA Style

Dell T, Razzaghmanesh M, Sharvelle S, Arabi M. Development and Application of a SWMM-Based Simulation Model for Municipal Scale Hydrologic Assessments. Water. 2021; 13(12):1644. https://doi.org/10.3390/w13121644

Chicago/Turabian Style

Dell, Tyler, Mostafa Razzaghmanesh, Sybil Sharvelle, and Mazdak Arabi. 2021. "Development and Application of a SWMM-Based Simulation Model for Municipal Scale Hydrologic Assessments" Water 13, no. 12: 1644. https://doi.org/10.3390/w13121644

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