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Review

Status of Endemic Freshwater Fish Fauna Inhabiting Major Lakes of Turkey under the Threats of Climate Change and Anthropogenic Disturbances: A Review

1
Department of Biology, Faculty of Science, Muğla Sitki Koçman University, Muğla 48000, Turkey
2
Department of Biology, Burdur Mehmet Akif Ersoy University, Burdur 15030, Turkey
*
Author to whom correspondence should be addressed.
Academic Editor: Jan Kubečka
Water 2021, 13(11), 1534; https://doi.org/10.3390/w13111534
Received: 5 April 2021 / Revised: 26 May 2021 / Accepted: 27 May 2021 / Published: 29 May 2021
(This article belongs to the Special Issue Impacts of Human Activities and Climate Change on Freshwater Fish)
Due to its peculiar geographical position and its environmental heterogeneity, Turkey represents an important biodiversity hotspot for freshwater fish fauna. Unfortunately, native fish communities of Turkey, mainly from lentic ecosystems, have been massively altered in the past decades. Furthermore, these species, especially the endemic species, are now threatened by several human activities in addition to the global issue of climatic changes. The aim of this paper is to provide an updated review on the current status of endemic fish species from main lakes of Turkey including major threats affecting fish assemblages. By gathering data from the literature and authors’ personal observations, 62 endemic fish species were reported to occur in the considered 37 Turkish Lakes. The presence of non-native species, agriculture activities, climatic drought, and decreasing water level were found to be the threats that most affect the fish communities of the considered Turkish Lakes. View Full-Text
Keywords: Anatolia; IUCN; non-native species; water drought; aquatic biodiversity Anatolia; IUCN; non-native species; water drought; aquatic biodiversity
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MDPI and ACS Style

Giannetto, D.; Innal, D. Status of Endemic Freshwater Fish Fauna Inhabiting Major Lakes of Turkey under the Threats of Climate Change and Anthropogenic Disturbances: A Review. Water 2021, 13, 1534. https://doi.org/10.3390/w13111534

AMA Style

Giannetto D, Innal D. Status of Endemic Freshwater Fish Fauna Inhabiting Major Lakes of Turkey under the Threats of Climate Change and Anthropogenic Disturbances: A Review. Water. 2021; 13(11):1534. https://doi.org/10.3390/w13111534

Chicago/Turabian Style

Giannetto, Daniela, and Deniz Innal. 2021. "Status of Endemic Freshwater Fish Fauna Inhabiting Major Lakes of Turkey under the Threats of Climate Change and Anthropogenic Disturbances: A Review" Water 13, no. 11: 1534. https://doi.org/10.3390/w13111534

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