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A Comprehensive Investigation on Abnormal Impoundment of Reservoirs—A Case Study of Qionglin Reservoir in Kinmen Island

1
Department of Urban Planning and Landscape, National Quemoy University, Kinmen County 892, Taiwan
2
Department of Civil Engineering and Engineering Management, National Quemoy University, Kinmen County 892, Taiwan
3
Department of Architecture, National Quemoy University, Kinmen County 892, Taiwan
*
Author to whom correspondence should be addressed.
Academic Editor: Richard C. Smardon
Water 2021, 13(11), 1463; https://doi.org/10.3390/w13111463
Received: 30 March 2021 / Revised: 14 May 2021 / Accepted: 20 May 2021 / Published: 23 May 2021
(This article belongs to the Section Water Use and Scarcity)
Leakage is the most serious problem in reservoir operation, because heavy leakage influences reservoir impoundment efficiency and even leads to a complete loss of reservoir functions. Since its completion in 1982, Qionglin Reservoir has never been fully filled with water except in the spring of 1983 when there was heavy rain. The reservoir management unit suspected that its side slopes, bottom or dam might leak and carried out a number of leakage prevention and improvement works, but all of them failed to fulfill the impoundment function of the reservoir. Hence, this study attempts to find out the reasons why the reservoir cannot impound water. A series of tests and investigations are carried out in this study, including electrical resistivity tomography of dam, tracer test, geological drilling test, reservoir water level observation, investigation of reservoir catchment area and field investigation of dam. The test results and investigation results show that no leakage path and leakage are found. According to the analysis, there is no serious leakage of this reservoir. The main reason for the failure of impoundment is that massive improper development in the catchment area influences the runoff into the reservoir. View Full-Text
Keywords: leakage; electrical resistivity tomography (ERT); tracer test leakage; electrical resistivity tomography (ERT); tracer test
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MDPI and ACS Style

Hung, Y.-C.; Chen, T.-T.; Tsai, T.-F.; Chen, H.-X. A Comprehensive Investigation on Abnormal Impoundment of Reservoirs—A Case Study of Qionglin Reservoir in Kinmen Island. Water 2021, 13, 1463. https://doi.org/10.3390/w13111463

AMA Style

Hung Y-C, Chen T-T, Tsai T-F, Chen H-X. A Comprehensive Investigation on Abnormal Impoundment of Reservoirs—A Case Study of Qionglin Reservoir in Kinmen Island. Water. 2021; 13(11):1463. https://doi.org/10.3390/w13111463

Chicago/Turabian Style

Hung, Yin-Chun, Tung-Tsan Chen, Tsai-Fu Tsai, and Hao-Xi Chen. 2021. "A Comprehensive Investigation on Abnormal Impoundment of Reservoirs—A Case Study of Qionglin Reservoir in Kinmen Island" Water 13, no. 11: 1463. https://doi.org/10.3390/w13111463

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