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Article

Applications of Two-Dimensional Spatial Routing Procedure for Estimating Dispersion Coefficients in Open Channel Flows

1
Korea Institute of Civil Engineering and Building Technology, 283, Goyangdae-Ro, Ilsanseo-Gu, Goyang-Si 10223, Gyeonggi-Do, Korea
2
Department of Civil Engineering, Seoul National University of Science and Technology, 232 Gongreung-Ro, Nowon-Gu, Seoul 01811, Korea
*
Author to whom correspondence should be addressed.
Academic Editors: Bommanna Krishnappan and Xiangyu Hu
Water 2021, 13(10), 1394; https://doi.org/10.3390/w13101394
Received: 1 April 2021 / Revised: 28 April 2021 / Accepted: 13 May 2021 / Published: 17 May 2021
(This article belongs to the Section Hydraulics and Hydrodynamics)
In this study, the performance of two routing procedures were evaluated to estimate the two-dimensional dispersion coefficients. The two-dimensional Stream-Tube Routing Procedure (2D ST-RP) has been widely used to obtain the dispersion coefficients from measured concentration-time curves under the frozen cloud assumption. Meanwhile, the Spatial Routing Procedure (2D S-RP) employs the spatial distributions of concentration to estimate the dispersion coefficients. The performance of the two routing methods were evaluated in aspect of the validity of the frozen cloud assumption and the applicability in the non-Fickian mixing. From the estimation results of dispersion coefficients, the results by the 2D ST-RP included errors due to skewed concentration-time curves which were created by violating the frozen cloud assumption. On the other hand, the 2D S-RP provides accurate dispersion coefficients in the same condition. The estimated results of dispersion coefficients in the meandering channel show that both the 2D ST-RP and the 2D S-RP contained errors due to the non-Fickian mixing properties of the test case. Even with the discrepancies, the 2D S-RP presented more appropriate spatial variabilities along the meander cycle than the results by the 2D ST-RP. View Full-Text
Keywords: dispersion coefficient; routing procedure; 2D ST-RP; 2D S-RP; frozen cloud assumption dispersion coefficient; routing procedure; 2D ST-RP; 2D S-RP; frozen cloud assumption
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MDPI and ACS Style

Shin, J.; Rhee, D.; Park, I. Applications of Two-Dimensional Spatial Routing Procedure for Estimating Dispersion Coefficients in Open Channel Flows. Water 2021, 13, 1394. https://doi.org/10.3390/w13101394

AMA Style

Shin J, Rhee D, Park I. Applications of Two-Dimensional Spatial Routing Procedure for Estimating Dispersion Coefficients in Open Channel Flows. Water. 2021; 13(10):1394. https://doi.org/10.3390/w13101394

Chicago/Turabian Style

Shin, Jaehyun, Dongsop Rhee, and Inhwan Park. 2021. "Applications of Two-Dimensional Spatial Routing Procedure for Estimating Dispersion Coefficients in Open Channel Flows" Water 13, no. 10: 1394. https://doi.org/10.3390/w13101394

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